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Table 2 Between BMI group differences among older adults with heart failure

From: Higher BMI is associated with reduced brain volume in heart failure

Demographic characteristics Normal weight Overweight Obese χ2/F statistic
N 20 27 33  
Age, mean (SD) years 69.75 (8.80) 69.89 (8.44) 66.55 (8.52) 1.18
Sex (% Female) 40.0 25.9 39.4 .17
Years of education, mean (SD) 14.10 (3.01) 14.15 (3.11) 13.58 (2.32) .38
Medical characteristics  
LVEF %, mean (SD) 40.15 (14.20) 43.00 (12.74) 44.70 (13.35) .72
NYHA Class (% II, III, IV) 80.0, 20.0, 0.0 88.9, 7.4, 3.7 90.9, 9.1 3.99
Hypertension (% yes) 45.0 74.1 81.8 8.36**
Diabetes (% yes) 15.0 22.2 39.4 4.29
Sleep apnea (% yes) 10.0 14.8 36.4 6.34*
Myocardial infarction (% yes) 45.0 59.3 63.6 1.82
Depression (% yes) 20.0 14.8 21.2 .43
  1. Note. NYHA New York Heart Association; LVEF Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction; *p < .05; **p < .01.