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Table 1 Participant characteristics by study group, in a group of overweight or obese women

From: The effect of menu labeling with calories and exercise equivalents on food selection and consumption

  Study group for menu type at Lunch 2 (experiment meal)
No calorie or exercise equivalent information Calories only Calories and exercise equivalents p1
Total N % N % N %  
22 100% 20 100% 20 100%  
Age (years; mean, SD) 21.9 ± 3.5   21.6 ± 2.3   22.2 ± 3.2   0.82
Weight (pounds; mean, SD) 167.9 ± 26.5   171.2 ± 26.6   165.6 ± 25.8   0.79
BMI (kg/cm2; mean, SD) 27.9 ± 3.1   28.7 ± 3.0   28.7 ± 3.3   0.64
Race/Ethnicity (N)        0.90
Hispanic/Latino 8 36% 10 50% 10 50%  
Black/African American 7 32% 5 25% 5 25%  
Other 7 32% 5 25% 5 25%  
Dietary restraint2        0.66
Restrained 7 32% 7 35% 9 45%  
Unrestrained 15 68% 13 65% 11 55%  
  1. 1Using ANOVA for age, weight and BMI, and Chi-square test for dietary restraint and race/ethnicity.
  2. 2Classified using restraint subscale of TFEQ; score of <13 indicates restrained eater, > = 13 indicates unrestrained eater.