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Table 2 Distribution of different parameters among males and females

From: Prevalence of obesity and overweight, its clinical markers and associated factors in a high risk South-Asian population

  Male (245) n (%) Females (206) n (%) Total (451) n (%) P value
Co-morbid illnesses     
None 144 (59) 123 (60) 267 (59.2)  
Diabetes 29 (11.8) 22 (10.6) 51 (11.3) 0.86
Hypertension 42 (17.1) 35 (16.9) 77 (17) 0.83
Dyslipidemia 7 (2.8) 3 (1.4) 10 (2.2) 0.42
Addictions     
None 118 (48.1) 196 (95.1) 314 (69.6)  
Yes 127 (51.9) 10 (4.8) 137 (30.3) <0.001*
BMI (kg/m 2 )     
Normal (18.5-23) 77 (31.4) 58 (28.2) 135 (29.9)  
Underweight (<18.5) 48 (19.8) 41 (19.9) 89 (19.7) 0.67
Overweight (23.1-27.5) 85 (35.1) 48 (23.3) 133 (29.4) 0.23
Obese (>27.5) 34 (14) 60 (29.1) 94 (20.8) 0.002
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)     
Normal <130 179 (73.1) 139 (67.8) 318 (70.5)  
≥130 66 (26.9) 67 (32.5) 133 (29.4) 0.22
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)     
Normal <85 211 (86.1) 182 (88.3) 393 (87.1)  
Abnormal ≥ 85 34 (13.9) 24 (11.9) 58 (12.9) 0.53
Waist circumference (cm)     
Normal 138 (56.3) 54 (26.2) 192 (82.5)  
Central obesity 107 (43.7) 152 (73.8) 259 (57.4) <0.001*
Waist hip ratio (cm)     
Normal 71 (29) 87 (42.2) 158 (35)  
Abnormal 174 (71) 119 (57.8) 293 (65) 0.003*
Body fat percent     
Normal 40 (16.3) 34 (16.5) 74 (16.4)  
Underweight 3 (1.2) 8 (3.8) 11 (2.4) 0.11
Overweight 146 (59.5) 117 (56.7) 263 (58.3) 0.82
Significantly overweight 56 (22.8) 47 (22.8) 103 (22.8) 0.96
Muscle Mass (%)     
Normal 68 (27.7) 59 (28.6) 127 (28.1)  
Low 5 (2) 28 (13.6) 33 (7.3) 0.001*
High 150 (61.2) 141 (68.4) 291 (64.5) 0.70
Random blood glucose (mg/dl)     
Normal < 200 214 (87.3) 182 (88.3) 396 (87.8)  
Abnormal ≥ 200 31 (12.7) 24 (11.7) 55 (12.2) 0.73
  1. *p value <0.05, associations determined by uni-variable logistic regression.