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Table 4 Cost of health services utilisation after randomisation for women and their infants

From: The cost-effectiveness of providing antenatal lifestyle advice for women who are overweight or obese: the LIMIT randomised trial

Service component Lifestyle advice Standard care Adjusted treatment effect (95% CI) Adjusted P value
N = 1,105 N = 1,097
Maternal Outpatient Services     
Antenatal Clinic Visit $1580.47 ($626.50) $1558.16 ($625.02) $22.30 (−$27.05 to $65.39) 0.416
(Obstetrician/Physician/Midwife)     
General Practitioner Visit $118.97 ($204.49) $115.42 ($210.07) $3.55 (−$14.33 to $16.59) 0.689
Antenatal Anaesthetic Visit $38.41 ($83.16) $40.83 ($82.48) -$2.43 (−$8.58 to $3.25) 0.477
Diabetes Educator Visit $74.42 ($289.80) $47.47 ($203.46) $26.95 ($7.24 to $49.11) 0.008
Emergency Department Presentation $305.06 ($466.84) $272.18 ($380.69) $32.88 (−$6.92 to $55.68) 0.127
Total Outpatient Services $2116.39 ($895.14) $2032.99 ($805.63) $83.40 ($38.25 to $140.50) 0.022
Provision of Antenatal Dietary & Lifestyle Advice $320.12 ($130.97) N/A N/A N/A
Maternal Inpatient Services $6125.04 ($4640.78) $6406.05 ($5274.54) -$281.01 (−$289.31 to $448.38) 0.185
Neonatal Inpatient Services $2699.64 ($13068.48) $2867.66 ($12344.64) -$168.02 (−$748.22 to $18.47) 0.756
Total Costs Incurred $11261.19 ($14573.97) $11306.70 ($14562.02) -$45.51 (−$1349.26 to $1003.54) 0.094
  1. Data presented as mean and standard deviation.
  2. Treatment effect represents adjusted difference in means with 95% confidence intervals.
  3. Adjusted analyses included the stratification variables BMI category, parity and centre, in addition to adjustment for maternal age, and socioeconomic status.