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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics of children

From: Maternal efficacy and sedentary behavior rules predict child obesity resilience

Characteristic All children Resilient to unhealthy weight gainb Not resilient to unhealthy weight gainb p a
(n = 200) (n = 133) (n = 67)
  n Mean or % n Mean or % n Mean or %  
T1 Child age: Mean (SD) 200 9.0 (2.2) 133 8.9 (2.2) 67 9.2 (2.4) .272
Child gender (%)        
Male 92 46.0 66 49.6 26 38.8 .147
Female 108 54.0 67 50.4 41 61.2  
T1 Maternal age: Mean (SD) 200 39.1 (4.6) 133 38.9 (4.7) 67 39.4 (4.6) .525
T1 Maternal education (%)        
Low 40 20.0 27 20.3 13 19.4 .404
Medium 92 46.0 57 42.9 35 52.2  
High 68 34.0 49 36.8 19 28.4  
Area of residence        
Urban 66 33.0 42 31.6 24 35.8 .547
Rural 134 67.0 91 68.4 43 64.2  
T1 Child zBMI: Mean (SD) 200 −0.1 (0.7) 133 0.0 (0.7) 67 −0.2 (0.7) .042
T2 Child zBMI: Mean (SD) 200 0.0 (0.8) 133 −0.2 (0.7) 67 0.4 (0.8) <.0005
Change in zBMI between T1 and T2: Mean (SD) 200 0.0 (0.5) 133 −0.3 (0.3) 67 0.6 (0.4) <.0005
  1. a Significance level for comparison between resilient and non-resilient children
  2. b ’Resilient to unhealthy weight gain’ defined as children who were healthy weight at baseline (T1) and whose change in zBMI between T1 and T2 was classified as small or medium; ‘Not resilient to unhealthy weight gain’ defined as children who were healthy weight at baseline (T1) and whose change in zBMI between T1 and T2 was classified as large