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Table 2 Selected indicators from GSHS and YRBSS

From: Overweight, obesity, physical activity and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in adolescents of Pacific islands: results from the Global School-Based Student Health Survey and the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

  Global School-Based Student Health Survey Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
Overweighta Percentage of students who were > +1 SD from median for BMI by age and sex. Percentage of students who were ≥85th and <95th percentile for BMI by age and sex.
Obesitya Percentage of students who were > +2 SD from median for BMI by age and sex. Percentage of students who were ≥95th percentile for BMI by age and sex.
Physical activityb Percentage of students who were physically active for a total of at least 60 min per day on five or more days during the past seven days. Percentage of students who were physically active at least 60 min per day on five or more days during the seven days before the survey.
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumptionc Percentage of students who usually drank carbonated soft drinks one or more times per day during the past 30 days. Percentage of students who drank a can, bottle, or glass of soda or pop one or more times per day during the seven days before the survey.
  1. SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index
  2. aOverweight and obesity in GSHS and YRBSS are defined using World Health Organization (2007) and Centers for Disease Control (CDC) (2000) growth reference charts, respectively. Height and weight were self-reported in YRBSS
  3. bGSHS questionnaires for Fiji and Nauru advised students to exclude time spent in physical education/gym class. GSHS and YRBSS define physical activity in the questionnaires as “any activity that increases your heart rate and makes you get out of breath some of the time” and provided examples
  4. cGSHS and YRBSS questionnaires provided examples of carbonated soft drinks and asked students not to include diet soft drinks/soda/pop