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Table 2 Citrate Synthase Activity Correlation Coefficients with Obesity and Total and Thigh Body Composition and Body Fat Distribution for All Participants and Split by Gender

From: Relationships between mitochondrial content and bioenergetics with obesity, body composition and fat distribution in healthy older adults

  Both Genders Female Males
Pearson Partial (BMI) Partial (BMI + gender) Partial (BMI + gender + age) Pearson Partial (BMI) Partial (BMI + age) Pearson Partial (BMI) Partial (BMI + age)
BMI (kg/m2) −0.43* n/a n/a n/a −0.57 n/a n/a −0.41 n/a n/a
Waist Circumference (cm) −0.30 0.20 0.07 0.21 −0.44 0.19 0.06 −0.40 −0.40 0.06
Waist/Hip ratio −0.07 0.15 0.10 0.17 −0.11 0.10 −0.03 −0.24 0.29 0.45
Total Fat Mass (kg) −0.62** −0.50* −0.41 −0.41 −0.59* −0.18 −0.16 −0.68* −0.88** −0.87*
Total Lean Massa (kg) −0.01 0.43* 0.37 0.35 −0.32 0.41 0.46 −0.08 0.34 0.17
Percent Fat Mass −0.62** −0.48* −0.47* −0.47* −0.57 −0.15 −0.16 −0.83** −0.88** −0.84**
Leg Fat Mass to Total Fat Mass ratio −0.161 −0.64** −0.59** −0.60** 0.01 −0.75** −0.76* −0.31 −0.46 −0.53
Thigh Fat Volume (cm3) −0.76*** −0.71*** −0.80*** −0.71*** −0.80** −0.77** −0.81** −0.68* −0.84** −0.56
Thigh Subcutaneous Fat (cm3) −0.76*** −0.72*** −0.81*** −0.72*** −0.82*** −0.80** −0.83** −0.67* −0.82** −0.55
Thigh Intermuscular Fat (cm3) −0.48* −0.24 −0.15 −0.11 −0.46 −0.07 −0.30 −0.51 −0.29 0.10
Total Thigh Muscle (cm3) 0.20 0.53* 0.52* 0.53* −0.18 0.56 0.56 0.37 0.53 0.30
Thigh Intermuscular Fat/Total Thigh Fat Ratio −0.18 0.10 0.07 0.11 −0.13 0.28 0.17 −0.33 −0.06 0.22
  1. BMI body mass index
  2. aVariables were square-root-transformed to achieve normal distribution
  3. * = p ≤ 0.05, ** = p ≤ 0.01, *** = p ≤ 0.001
  4. Females: N = 12; Males: N = 10-11