Skip to main content

Table 5 Correlation Coefficients for Mitochondrial Measures and Glucose/Insulin for All Participants and Split by Gender

From: Relationships between mitochondrial content and bioenergetics with obesity, body composition and fat distribution in healthy older adults

  Both Genders Female Male
Pearson Partial (BMI) Partial (BMI + gender) Partial (BMI + gender + age) Pearson Partial (BMI) Partial (BMI + age) Pearson Partial (BMI) Partial (BMI + age)
Citrate Synthase Associations           
HOMA-IRa 0.21 0.57** 0.55* 0.58** 0.08 0.62* 0.61 0.26 0.46 0.53
Insulin (mIU/L)a 0.20 0.66*** 0.63** 0.60** 0.09 0.71* 0.63 0.25 0.49 0.51
Glucose (mmol/L) 0.19 0.31 0.25 0.34 0.09 0.58 0.61 0.18 0.05 0.44
State 3 OCR Associations           
HOMA-IRa −0.19 −0.27 −0.32 −0.12 −0.53 −0.45 −0.39 −0.08 −0.05 0.20
Insulin (mIU/L)a −0.19 −0.24 −0.31 −0.13 −0.51 −0.43 −0.39 0.08 0.00 0.19
Glucose (mmol/L) −0.07 −0.22 −0.30 −0.02 −0.35 −0.22 −0.17 −0.05 −0.58 0.14
State 4o OCR Associations           
HOMA-IRa −0.27 −0.39 −0.39 −0.16 −0.54 −0.53 −0.45 −0.06 −0.21 0.10
Insulin (mIU/L)a −0.27 −0.36 −0.36 −0.16 −0.52 −0.52 −0.46 −0.05 −0.15 0.10
Glucose (mmol/L) −0.21 −0.38 −0.38 −0.07 −0.33 −0.26 −0.18 −0.20 −0.72* 0.01
  1. BMI body mass index, HOMA-IR homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, OCR oxygen consumption rate
  2. aVariables were square-root-transformed to achieve normal distribution
  3. * = p ≤ 0.05, ** = p ≤ 0.01, *** = p ≤ 0.001
  4. Females: N = 12, Males: N = 11-13