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Table 1 Weighted prevalence of any-type and high-risk type HPV by selected characteristics of women aged 20–59 (N = 4172) in NHANES 2003–2010

From: Excessive adiposity, metabolic health, and risks for genital human papillomavirus infection in adult women: a population-based cross-sectional study

Participant characteristics Any-type HPV High-risk type HPV
% p-valuea % p-valuea
Overall 42.6 %   23.3 %  
Survey year     
  2003–2004 47.2 % 0.143 23.5 % 0.853
  2005–2006 40.3 %   24.7 %  
  2007–2007 41.5 %   22.7 %  
  2009–2010 42.4 %   22.7 %  
Adiposity metrics     
Central obesity: waist > 88 cm 41.1 % 0.045 21.9 % 0.055
  waist < = 88 cm 44.9 %   25.4 %  
Obesity: BMI > = 30 Kg/m2 41.7 % 0.451 22.0 % 0.191
   BMI < 30 Kg/m2 43.2 %   24.0 %  
Waist-to-height ratio: ≥ 0.6 42.5 % 0.884 22.2 % 0.209
  < 0.6 42.7 %   24.0 %  
BMI, Kg/m2     
  18.5–25 42.4 % 0.360 23.9 % 0.345
  25–30 44.2 %   24.3 %  
  30–35 39.7 %   20.3 %  
   ≥ 35 43.6 %   23.6 %  
Socio-demographics     
Age, years     
  20–34 51.8 % <0.001 33.9 % <0.001
  35–49 40.1 %   20.2 %  
  50–59 35.0 %   14.8 %  
Race/ethnicity     
  Non-Hispanic White 39.6 % <0.001 21.8 % <0.001
  Non-Hispanic Black 59.9 %   33.0 %  
  Mexican American/others 43.3 %   23.1 %  
  Education ≥ College degree 33.0 % <0.001 15.6 % <0.001
  High school or less 46.4 %   26.3 %  
Marital status     
  Married 30.0 % <0.001 13.9 % <0.001
  Single 59.2 %   35.7 %  
  Living with a partner 59.0 %   35.5 %  
Health insurance coverageb: yes 40.0 % <0.001 21.6 % <0.001
  no 54.2 %   30.7 %  
Behavioral risks     
Hypertension historyc: yes 41.1 % 0.419 20.2 % 0.021
  no 43.0 %   24.2 %  
Diabetes historyd: yes 46.5 % 0.285 19.0 % 0.209
  no 42.5 %   23.7 %  
Lifetime smoking: ≥ 100 cigarettes 49.4 % <0.001 26.4 % 0.004
        < 100 cigarettes 37.3 %   20.9 %  
Last 12 months had      ≥ 12 alcohol drinkse 44.4 % 0.001 25.0 % <0.001
      < 12 alcohol drinks 37.7 %   18.7 %  
Age at sex debut  > =16 39.3 % <0.001 21.6 % <0.001
        <16 52.8 %   28.6 %  
Number of lifetime sex partners        > =5f 54.5 % <0.001 31.3 % <0.001
        < 5 28.2 %   14.1 %  
Condom use: not alwaysg 50.6 % <0.001 32.0 % <0.001
  Always 37.7 %   19.4 %  
Use of birth control pills: currentlyh 45.7 % 0.173 29.2 % 0.003
  Not currently 42.3 %   22.5 %  
  1. BMI body mass index, SE standard error
  2. aP-value for survey-based Chi-squared test
  3. bSix women had a missing value
  4. cEleven women had a missing value
  5. dTwenty women had a missing value
  6. eThree women had a missing value
  7. fForty women had a missing value
  8. gQuestion was asked regarding the previous 30 day alcohol use in 2003–2004 but the previous 12 months in 2005–2010; 652 women did not answer this question
  9. hFourteen women had a missing value