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Table 3 Multivariate analyses of the relationship between demographic, health related, and work related factors and time 1 BMI and BFP

From: Demographic, health-related, and work-related factors associated with body mass index and body fat percentage among workers at six Connecticut manufacturing companies across different age groups: a cohort study

  <45 years 45–55 years >55 years
  BMI BFP BMI BFP BMI BFP
  β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value
Demographics
Gender
 Male (Ref)                   
 Female −1.91 (0.9) 0.04 9.0 (1.2) <0.01 −1.88 (0.8) 0.02 10.27 (1.0) <0.01 0.01 (1.0) 0.99 10.75 (1.3) <0.01
Race
 White (Ref)                   
 Other 0.17 (0.8) 0.84 0.17 (1.1) 0.87 0.65 (1.1) 0.56 2.52 (1.3) 0.06 1.22 (1.2) 0.3 1.88 (1.5) 0.22
Marital Status
 Married or living with partner (Ref)                   
 Other 0.49 (0.9) 0.57 1.28 (1.1) 0.26 0.55 (0.9) 0.54 0.32 (1.0) 0.75 0.11 (1.1) 0.92 −0.62 (1.5) 0.67
Education
 At least some college (Ref)                   
 No college 2.44 (1.0) 0.01 2.52 (1.2) 0.04 0.48 (0.8) 0.55 1.41 (0.9) 0.13 0.53 (1.0) 0.59 −1.27 (1.3) 0.34
Family Income
 > = $75,000/year (Ref)                   
 <$75,000/year 0.66 (0.9) 0.44 −0.09 (1.1) 0.93 0.87 (0.8) 0.3 1.15 (1.0) 0.24 −0.22 (1.1) 0.84 1.16 (1.4) 0.41
Childcare Responsibilities
 Some or Complete Responsibility (Ref) 1.7 (0.8) 0.04 0.84 (1.0) 0.42 −0.92 (0.7) 0.18 −0.39 (0.8) 0.62 −1.96 (1.2) 0.11 −1.59 (1.6) 0.33
 None or Another Adult Responsible                   
Adult Care Responsibility
 Responsible for at least one adult (Ref) −0.34 (0.9) 0.71 −1.44 (1.1) 0.2 0.67 (0.7) 0.35 0.31 (0.8) 0.7 0.36 (0.8) 0.67 −0.34 (1.1) 0.75
 None                   
Health-Related Factors
Depressive Symptoms
 <=1 day/week (Ref)                   
 >1 day/week −1.99 (1.3) 0.14 0.49 (1.7) 0.77 0.31 (1.2) 0.79 0.66 (1.3) 0.62 −0.29 (1.4) 0.83 0.58 (1.8) 0.75
Hours Sleep
 > = 6 h/night (Ref)                   
 <6 h/night −0.1 (0.8) 0.9 0.13 (1.0) 0.89 0.9 (0.8) 0.23 0.81 (0.9) 0.35 0.06 (0.9) 0.94 0.25 (1.1) 0.82
Leisure Time Physical Activity
 None (Ref)                   
 At least some −0.26 (0.9) 0.76 0.31 (1.1) 0.77 0.75 (0.8) 0.36 1.7 (0.9) 0.07 0.87 (0.8) 0.28 0.97 (1.1) 0.37
Musculoskeletal Pain
 None or Mild (Ref)                   
 Moderate to Severe 1.01 (0.7) 0.17 0.75 (0.9) 0.42 1.2 (0.7) 0.1 0.84 (0.8) 0.31 0.53 (0.8) 0.52 0.3 (1.1) 0.78
Weight Perception
 Interested in Changing (Ref)                   
 Other −5.04 (0.7) <0.01 −7.07 (0.9) <0.01 −2.96 (0.8) <0.01 −3.24 (0.9) <0.01 −5.51 (0.9) <0.01 −5.26 (1.1) <0.01
Work-Related Factors
Civility Norms
 High (>4) (Ref)                   
 Low (<4) 1.3 (0.9) 0.14 −1.76 (1.1) 0.1 0.28 (0.8) 0.73 −0.27 (0.9) 0.77 0.74 (1.0) 0.47 −0.42 (1.3) 0.75
Decision Latitude
 Low (<3) (Ref)                   
 High (>3) 0.11 (0.9) 0.9 −1.2 (1.0) 0.25 −0.27 (0.9) 0.75 −0.87 (0.9) 0.35 0.71 (1.0) 0.46 0.38 (1.3) 0.76
Job Satisfaction
 High (>4) (Ref)                   
 Low (<4) 1.37 (0.8) 0.11 −1.0 (1.0) 0.31 −0.09 (0.8) 0.91 0.45 (0.9) 0.63 −1.41 (1.0) 0.15 −1.18 (1.3) 0.36
Job Tenure
 >5 years (Ref)                   
 <5 years −0.83 (0.8) 0.27 −0.66 (1.0) 0.49 −0.29 (0.9) 0.76 −0.72 (1.1) 0.51 −1.15 (1.2) 0.35 −3.59 (1.6) 0.03
Job Type
 Administrative (Ref)                   
 Floor −0.39 (0.9) 0.66 −1.36 (1.1) 0.21 −0.17 (0.8) 0.82 −0.1 (0.9) 0.9 −0.02 (0.9) 0.98 −1.57 (1.1) 0.16
Procedural Justice
 High (>4)                   
 Low (<4) 1.29 (1.4) 0.34 1.53 (1.0) 0.14 −0.42 (1.5) 0.78 0.27 (0.9) 0.77 −1.3 (1.5) 0.38 1.1 (1.2) 0.36
Psychological Demands
 Low (<3) (Ref)                   
 High (>3) 0.78 (1.2) 0.51 −1.52 (1.1) 0.17 0.68 (1.0) 0.52 −0.08 (0.9) 0.94 0.18 (1.6) 0.91 −1.37 (1.4) 0.33
Social Support
 Low (<3) (Ref)                   
 High (>3) 1.98 (1.0) 0.05 1.83 (1.0) 0.08 0.09 (1.0) 0.93 0.52 (0.9) 0.56 −1.05 (1.1) 0.33 −1.19 (1.1) 0.29
Stress in General
 Low (<1.5) (Ref)                   
 High (>1.5) 1.18 (0.8) 0.15 0.6 (1.1) 0.59 1.52 (0.7) 0.04 1.28 (0.9) 0.15 0.67 (0.9) 0.45 −0.24 (1.3) 0.85
Work-Life Balance
 Very/Completely Successful (Ref)                   
 Not/Somewhat Successful −0.45 (0.8) 0.59 −0.63 (1.1) 0.55 −0.79 (0.8) 0.33 −0.03 (0.9) 0.98 −0.16 (0.9) 0.86 1.52 (1.2) 0.19
Work Overtime
 <24 h/month (Ref)                   
 >24 h/month −2.02 (0.9) 0.02 −1.65 (1.1) 0.12 −0.14 (0.7) 0.85 0.55 (0.9) 0.52 0.92 (0.9) 0.32 0.42 (1.2) 0.73
Work Shift
 First (Ref)                   
 Other 1.25 (1.0) 0.21 0.99 (1.2) 0.42 0.18 (0.9) 0.84 −0.36 (1.0) 0.72 −0.76 (1.1) 0.47 −0.62 (1.4) 0.66
Work Time Standing
 >30 % of time (Ref)                   
 <30 % of time −1.08 (0.8) 0.18 −1.7 (1.0) 0.1 −0.18 (0.8) 0.82 1.48 (1.0) 0.12 −1.18 (0.9) 0.19 −0.83 (1.2) 0.47