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Table 4 Multivariate analyses of the relationship between demographic, health related, and work related factors and change in BMI and BFP

From: Demographic, health-related, and work-related factors associated with body mass index and body fat percentage among workers at six Connecticut manufacturing companies across different age groups: a cohort study

  <45 years 45–55 years >55 years
  BMI BFP BMI BFP BMI BFP
  β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value
Demographics
Gender
 Male (Ref)                   
 Female −0.55 (0.51) 0.28 −0.70 (1.53) 0.65 0.74 (0.39) 0.06 1.15 (0.89) 0.20 0.59 (0.73) 0.42 0.93 (1.71) 0.59
Race
 White (Ref)                   
 Other −0.57 (0.47) 0.22 0.49 (1.34) 0.72 −0.32 (0.46) 0.49 −0.22 (1.04) 0.83 −0.05 (0.78) 0.95 −0.22 (1.63) 0.89
Marital Status
 Married or living with partner (Ref)                   
 Other 0.15 (0.53) 0.78 0.33 (1.53) 0.83 −0.04 (0.39) 0.91 −0.43 (0.87) 0.62 0.48 (0.77) 0.53 −0.02 (1.61) 0.99
Education
 At least some college (Ref)                   
 No college −1.38 (0.56) 0.02 2.02 (1.61) 0.21 0.02 (0.37) 0.96 −0.20 (0.82) 0.81 0.57 (0.67) 0.39 2.20 (1.40) 0.12
Family Income
 > = $75,000/year (Ref)                   
 <$75,000/year 0.25 (0.48) 0.61 −0.59 (1.41) 0.67 −0.05 (0.37) 0.90 0.09 (0.83) 0.91 −0.46 (0.73) 0.53 0.06 (1.55) 0.97
Childcare Responsibilities
 Some or Complete Responsibility (Ref) −0.22 (0.47) 0.64 0.02 (1.36) 0.99 −0.07 (0.30) 0.81 0.89 (0.67) 0.19 0.35 (0.87) 0.69 0.83 (1.87) 0.66
 None or Another Adult Responsible                   
Adult Care Responsibility
 Responsible for at least one adult (Ref) 0.33 (0.47) 0.49 3.23 (1.35) 0.02 −0.10 (0.30) 0.74 0.21 (0.68) 0.76 −0.43 (0.54) 0.43 0.76 (1.16) 0.51
 None                   
Health-Related Factors
Depressive Symptoms
 <=1 day/week (Ref)                   
 >1 day/week 0.25 (0.82) 0.76 −1.17 (2.34) 0.62 0.21 (0.45) 0.64 −0.65 (1.02) 0.53 −0.88 (0.99) 0.38 0.14 (2.05) 0.95
Hours Sleep
 > = 6 h/night (Ref)                   
 <6 h/night 0.32 (0.42) 0.45 0.08 (1.25) 0.95 −0.39 (0.33) 0.25 0.07 (0.77) 0.92 −0.97 (0.58) 0.10 −1.64 (1.28) 0.20
Leisure Time Physical Activity
 None (Ref)                   
 At least some −0.14 (0.44) 0.75 0.44 (1.29) 0.73 0.35 (0.38) 0.35 −0.16 (0.90) 0.86 0.20 (0.60) 0.75 −0.30 (1.31) 0.82
Musculoskeletal Pain
 None or Mild (Ref)                   
 Moderate to Severe −0.55 (0.42) 0.19 −0.09 (1.22) 0.94 0.00 (0.32) 1.00 0.09 (0.76) 0.91 −0.13 (0.63) 0.83 −0.67 (1.30) 0.61
Weight Perception
 Interested in Changing (Ref)                   
 Other 0.08 (0.40) 0.85 1.04 (1.21) 0.39 0.02 (0.32) 0.94 −0.19 (0.74) 0.79 −0.20 (0.57) 0.73 −0.03 (1.31) 0.98
Work-Related Factors
Civility Norms
 High (>4) (Ref)                   
 Low (<4) 0.42 (0.48) 0.38 1.14 (1.41) 0.42 0.20 (0.34) 0.57 −0.26 (0.78) 0.74 0.16 (0.71) 0.83 −0.83 (1.46) 0.57
Decision Latitude
 Low (<3) (Ref)                   
 High (>3) 0.09 (0.46) 0.85 −2.16 (1.36) 0.12 −0.52 (0.37) 0.16 −0.07 (0.86) 0.93 −0.53 (0.64) 0.41 0.39 (1.34) 0.77
Job Satisfaction
 High (>4) (Ref)                   
 Low (<4) −0.29 (0.42) 0.49 −0.40 (1.23) 0.74 0.48 (0.34) 0.17 1.88 (0.79) 0.02 −0.17 (0.67) 0.80 0.51 (1.37) 0.71
Job Tenure
 >5 years (Ref)                   
 <5 years 0.11 (0.40) 0.78 0.78 (1.18) 0.51 0.54 (0.43) 0.21 1.03 (0.98) 0.29 0.70 (0.86) 0.42 1.60 (1.81) 0.38
Job Type
 Administrative (Ref)                   
 Floor −0.08 (0.48) 0.86 1.56 (1.41) 0.27 0.35 (0.33) 0.30 1.19 (0.76) 0.12 0.30 (0.64) 0.64 −0.55 (1.43) 0.70
Procedural Justice
 High (>4)                   
 Low (<4) −0.57 (0.45) 0.21 0.10 (1.33) 0.94 −0.31 (0.37) 0.40 0.47 (0.84) 0.57 0.15 (0.61) 0.81 0.01 (1.27) 1.00
Psychological Demands
 Low (<3) (Ref)                   
 High (>3) 0.45 (0.49) 0.36 −0.21 (1.44) 0.88 −0.55 (0.36) 0.12 −1.68 (0.83) 0.04 1.18 (0.75) 0.12 0.51 (1.66) 0.76
Social Support
 Low (<3) (Ref)                   
 High (>3) −0.07 (0.46) 0.87 1.13 (1.38) 0.42 −0.21 (0.34) 0.54 −1.33 (0.79) 0.09 0.95 (0.58) 0.10 1.09 (1.29) 0.40
Stress in General
 Low (<1.5) (Ref)                   
 High (>1.5) −0.10 (0.49) 0.84 0.69 (1.46) 0.64 −0.33 (0.34) 0.33 −1.04 (0.77) 0.18 1.01 (0.63) 0.11 0.35 (1.31) 0.79
Work-Life Balance
 Very/Completely Successful (Ref)                   
 Not/Somewhat Succesful 0.27 (0.46) 0.56 −0.47 (1.43) 0.74 −0.19 (0.34) 0.58 −0.49 (0.79) 0.53 0.68 (0.58) 0.24 −0.07 (1.21) 0.96
Work Overtime
 <24 h/month (Ref)                   
 >24 h/month 0.25 (0.48) 0.60 −1.31 (1.43) 0.36 0.60 (0.32) 0.07 1.53 (0.74) 0.04 0.02 (0.62) 0.97 1.51 (1.33) 0.26
Work Shift
 First (Ref)                   
 Other 0.05 (0.57) 0.93 −0.78 (1.69) 0.64 0.29 (0.41) 0.48 0.39 (0.94) 0.68 0.06 (0.78) 0.94 −0.99 (1.69) 0.56
Work Time Standing
 >30 % of time (Ref)                   
 <30 % of time −0.48 (0.46) 0.30 2.04 (1.37) 0.14 0.26 (0.37) 0.48 1.20 (0.85) 0.16 0.51 (0.59) 0.39 −1.06 (1.28) 0.41