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Table 2 Population attributable fraction and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for obesity defined using BMI and WC

From: Estimating the proportion of metabolic health outcomes attributable to obesity: a cross-sectional exploration of body mass index and waist circumference combinations

  Obese by BMI or WC Obese by BMI Obese by alternative BMI
  PAF (95 % CI) AUC (95 % CI) PAF (95 % CI) AUC (95 % CI) PAF (95 % CI) AUC (95 % CI)
Hypertension 28.3 (24.4, 32.1) 0.62 (0.61, 0.63) 15.7 (13.2, 18.1) 0.57 (0.56, 0.58) 21.7 (19.1, 24.3) 0.59 (0.58, 0.60)
Diabetes 47.4 (41.0, 53.1) 0.66 (0.65, 0.68) 32.4 (26.4, 37.9) 0.62 (0.60, 0.64) 36.2 (28.8, 42.9) 0.63 (0.61, 0.65)
Dyslipidaemia 29.0 (25.2, 32.6) 0.64 (0.63, 0.65) 18.8 (15.9, 21.6) 0.60 (0.59, 0.61) 26.8 (23.2, 30.1) 0.63 (0.62, 0.64)
CVD 24.5 (16.0, 32.2) 0.58 (0.56, 0.60) 7.3 (−1.0, 14.8) 0.53 (0.51, 0.54) 14.0 (5.1, 22.1) 0.54 (0.53, 0.56)
  1. Obese by BMI or WC: BMI ≥30 kg/m2 or WC ≥102 cm for men and ≥88 cm for women; obese by BMI: BMI ≥30 kg/m2; obese by alternative BMI: BMI ≥28.5 kg/m2
  2. PAF population attributable fraction, AUC area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, CVD cardiovascular disease