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Table 2 Mutually adjusted relative risk predicting likelihood of early attrition by sex

From: Predictors of early attrition and successful weight loss in patients attending an obesity management program

  Male Female
Participant characteristics RRs (95 % CI)a P-value RRs (95 % CI)a P-value
Age
 Young, 18-49 years REFb - REFb -
 Middle, 50-64 years 0.92 (0.86–0.99) 0.04 0.91 (0.87–0.94) <0.0001
 Old, 65+ yrs 0.74 (0.66–0.84) <0.0001 0.87 (0.83–0.93) <0.0001
Initial BMI, kg/m2 1.06 (1.01–1.11) 0.008 1.03 (1.01–1.07) 0.01
Ethnicity
 White REFb - REFb -
 Asian 1.08 (0.88–1.34) 0.41 1.10 (0.95–1.28) 0.16
 Black 0.91 (0.74–1.12) 0.40 1.06 (0.94–1.18) 0.32
 Other 0.94 (0.84–1.05) 0.29 0.97 (0.92–1.03) 0.45
Education
  > High school REFb - REFb -
  ≤ High school 1.11 (1.03–1.19) 0.002 1.00 (0.97–1.04) 0.78
Smoking Status
 Non-smokers REFb - REFb -
 Current Smokers 0.96 (0.87–1.06) 0.44 1.06 (1.01–1.11) 0.006
Health Outcomes
 CVD 0.80 (0.56–1.14) 0.23 0.87 (0.71–1.06) 0.17
 Hypertension 1.20 (1.10–1.30) <0.0001 1.16 (1.10–1.22) <0.0001
 Depression 1.04 (0.71–1.50) 0.85 1.09 (1.01–1.19) 0.03
 T2D 0.87 (0.74–1.03) 0.11 0.97 (0.91–1.05) 0.59
 Fatty Liver 1.06 (0.91–1.23) 0.46 1.14 (1.06–1.22) 0.0002
 Cancer 1.20 (0.95–1.51) 0.11 1.27 (1.18–1.35) <0.001
  1. BMI body mass index, T2D type 2 diabetes, CVD cardiovascular disease
  2. aAdjusted for age, BMI, education, ethnicity and smoking status where appropriate
  3. bREF indicates referent group