Skip to main content

Table 3 Mutually adjusted relative risk predicting likelihood of achieving successful weight loss by sex

From: Predictors of early attrition and successful weight loss in patients attending an obesity management program

  Male Female
Participant Characteristics RRs (95 % CI)a P-Value RRs (95 % CI)a P-Value
Age
 Young, 18-49 years REFb - REFb -
 Middle, 50-64 years 1.40 (1.12–1.77) 0.003 1.42 (1.23–1.64) <0.0001
 Old, 65+ yrs 1.50 (1.14–1.98) 0.004 1.65 (1.39–1.96) <0.0001
Initial BMI, kg/m2 0.93 (0.88–0.98) 0.008 0.95 (0.92–0.99) 0.01
Ethnicity
 White REFb - REFb -
 Asian 0.74 (0.40–1.38) 0.35 0.74 (0.46–1.19) 0.22
 Black 1.03 (0.57–1.88) 0.91 0.58 (0.37–0.94) 0.03
 Other 0.78 (0.53–1.13) 0.18 0.74 (0.57–0.94) 0.02
Education
  > High school REFb - REFb -
  ≤ High school 0.89 (0.74–1.06) 0.21 1.05 (0.94–1.18) 0.36
Smoking Status
 Non-smokers REFb - REFb -
 Smokers 0.89 (0.67–1.18) 0.42 0.82 (0.67–1.00) 0.05
Health Outcomes
 CVD 0.65 (0.30–1.45) 0.30 0.64 (0.35–1.14) 0.13
 Hypertension 0.57 (0.40–0.81) 0.001 0.97 (0.80–1.18) 0.80
 Depression 0.37 (0.06–2.45) 0.30 0.48 (0.27–0.85) 0.01
 T2D 1.02 (0.78–1.36) 0.85 0.94 (0.76–1.16) 0.57
 Fatty Liver 0.98 (0.62–1.53) 0.92 0.97 (0.72–1.32) 0.86
 Cancer 0.72 (0.22–2.36) 0.59 0.49 (0.22–1.09) 0.08
  1. BMI body mass index, T2D type 2 diabetes, CVD cardiovascular disease
  2. aAdjusted for age, BMI, education, ethnicity and smoking status where appropriate
  3. bREF indicates referent group