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Table 2 Age and sex adjusted Odds Ratio (OR) for diabetes and prediabetes

From: Overweight and abdominal obesity as determinants of undiagnosed diabetes and pre-diabetes in Bangladesh

Variable Diabetes Prediabetes
OR (95 % CI) P-Value OR (95 % CI) P-Value
Area of Residence     
 Rural 1.00   1.00  
 Urban 5.6 (3.8–11.4) 0.000 2.2 (1.6–3.0) 0.000
Education     
 Illiterate 1.00   1.00  
 Primary 0.7 (0.3–1.9) 0.541 1.4 (0.8–2.2) 0.200
 Secondary 4.5 (2.3–8.8) 0.000 2.3 (1.5–3.5) 0.000
 Post secondary 3.8 (1.7–8.1) 0.001 2.8 (1.8–4.6) 0.000
Household Income (Taka)a     
 Low (≤6,000 Taka/mo) 1.00   1.00  
 Medium (6,000–12,000 Taka/mo) 3.2 (1.5–6.8) 0.002 1.8 (1.2–2.7) 0.003 a
 High (>12,000 Taka/mo) 6.3 (3.2–12.5) 0.000 2.2 (1.5–3.1) 0.000 a
Body Mass Index (BMI)     
 Normal (18.50–24.99 kg/m2) 1.00   1.00  
 Underweight (≤18.49 kg/m2) 0.3 (0.1–0.9) 0.05 0.6 (0.4–1.02) 0.062
 Overweight (≥25 kg/m2) 4 (2.4–6.6) 0.000 1.8 (1.3–2.5) 0.000
Waist to Hip Ratio (WHR)     
 Normal (<0.90 M,<0.85 F) 1.00   1.00  
 High (≥0.90 M, ≥0.85 F) 9.1 (4.4–18.5) 0.000 2.03 (1.5–2.8) 0.000
Waist Circumference     
 Normal ( WC <90 cm M, WC <80 cm F) 1.00   1.00  
 Abdominally Obese (WC ≥ 90 cm M, WC ≥ 80 cm F) 6.2 (3.7–10.4) 0.000 2.2 (1.6–3.0) 0.000
Physical Activity     
 Low (<150 min/week) 1.00   1.00  
 High ≥150 min/week) 0.3 (0.2–0.6) 0.000 0.7 (0.5–0.9) 0.025
Vegetable/ Fruit intake     
 <4–5 Servings/Day 1.00   1.00  
 ≥4–5 Serving/Day 0.2 (0.2–1.9) 0.167 0.1 (0.04–0.2) 0.000
  1. aBangladesh Taka 76.00 = USD 1.00