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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression of obesity and PAD status

From: Body composition and ankle-brachial index in Ghanaians with asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease in a tertiary hospital

  PAD (at least one leg) Unilateral PAD Bilateral PAD
  β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI)
Age 0.99 (0.98–1.01) 0.99 (0.98–1.01) 1.01 (0.98–1.04)
Height 1.36 (0.25–7.51) 1.41 (0.25–7.84) 0.248 (0.03–2.32)
Mean BP 0.99 (0.98–1) 0.99 (0.98–1.01) 0.99 (0.97–1.01)
Male gender 0.58 (0.38–0.88) 0.62 (0.42–0.92) 0.49 (0.26–0.93)
Employment (Ref: Full–time)   
 Part-time 0.78 (0.38–1.62) 0.77 (0.37–1.59) 1.33 (0.75–4.87)
 Unemployed 1.27 (0.86–1.86) 1.27 (0.86–1.86) 1.31 (0.5–3.43)
Diabetes 1.01 (0.65–1.55) 1.04 (0.68–1.59) 0.89 (0.46–1.72)
Insulin use 1.92 (1.03–3.72) 1.85 (0.96–3.57) 1.89 (0.46–1.72)
Hypertension 2.11 (1.29–3.45) 1.82 (1.03–3.19) 3.19 (1.56–6.52)
Alcohol intake 1.08 (0.74–1.58) 0.89 (0.57–1.39) 1.58 (0.91–2.73)
Cigarette usage 1.21 (0.76–1.95) 0.93 (0.93–3.86) 2.15 (1.09–4.25)
Anthropometrya   
BMI groups (Ref: Normal)   
 Overweight 1.19 (0.78–1.82) 1.68 (0.72–1.88) 1.25 (0.64–2.42)
 Obese 2 (1.22–3.27) 2 (1.14–3.51) 1.94 (0.94–3.99)
WC (Ref: Normal)   
 High 1.28 (0.84–1.95) 1.39 (0.78–2.24) 1.34 (0.61–2.1)
WHR (Ref: Normal)   
 High 1.08 (0.72–1.62) 1.12 (0.7–1.77) 0.99 (0.54–1.86)
WHtR (Ref: Normal)   
 High 1.07 (0.68–1.67) 1.02 (0.63–1.67) 1.38 (0.64–2.98)
  1. aAdjusted for age, gender, height, mean BP, diabetes status, hypertension status, diabetes and hypertension medication, smoking and alcohol intake
  2. WC waist circumference, WHR waist-hip ratio; WHtR waist-height ratio