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Table 3 Intake (mean ± SD) by weight category per snacking episode in number of servings, and comparison to one USDA serving

From: A comparison of snack serving sizes to USDA guidelines in healthy weight and overweight minority preschool children enrolled in Head Start

Food group Under/healthy weight Overweight/obese p-valueb
na Mean intake ± SD p-valuec n Mean intake ± SD p-valuec
Milk 40 0.72 ± 0.27 <0.000** 15 0.86 ± 0.48 0.288 0.021*
Fruits & Vegetables Overall 39 0.77 ± 0.33 <0.000** 14 0.76 ± 0.37 0.032* 0.644
 Fresh fruits 32 0.64 ± 0.35 <0.000** 8 0.78 ± 0.32 0.092 0.860
 Canned fruits 30 0.90 ± 0.54 0.327 13 0.80 ± 0.52 0.206 0.761
Grains & Breads Overall 37 2.06 ± 0.95 <0.000** 14 1.97 ± 0.75 <0.000** 0.658
 Low sugar/low fatd 30 1.68 ± 0.70 <0.000** 14 1.91 ± 0.74 0.001** 0.649
 High sugar/high fate 33 2.14 ± 1.17 <0.000** 9 2.01 ± 0.82 0.006** 0.296
Meat and Meat Alternatesf 24 2.29 ± 2.14 0.007** 10 1.97 ± 1.13 0.025* 0.100
Other Foodsg 19 1.27 ± 1.06 0.277 8 1.81 ± 1.10 0.075 0.954
  1. Statistics are based on all observations with valid data
  2. an represents the total number of children analyzed per food group. Milk was the only food group offered daily, for which all participating children had a record of intake
  3. b p-value is referent to differences in mean intake between the under/healthy weight group and the overweight/obese group
  4. c p-value is referent to differences in mean intake from one USDA serving
  5. dLow sugar/low fat grains and breads included breakfast cereal, wheat crackers, wheat bagels, whole wheat breads
  6. eHigh sugar/high fat grains and breads included cookies, graham and animal crackers, cupcakes and cakes
  7. fMeat and meat alternates included cheeses, yogurt, eggs, deli meats, and peanut butter
  8. gOther foods included cream cheese, cheese dip, and ice cream