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Table 5 Longitudinal mean weight change and rate, comparing the first term and second term weight change to final academic year weight change, for those who gained and lost weight over specific periods

From: Freshman 15 in England: a longitudinal evaluation of first year university student’s weight change

   Period weight change >0.5 kg Full year weight change
  N Weight change (kg) Weight change rate (kg/week) Weight change (kg) Weight change rate (kg/week)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
   First term weight change > 0.5 kg Academic year weight change
First term    
 Weight gainers 82 2.42 (1.83) 0.26 (0.20) 2.33 (3.32) 0.068 (0.10)
  Male 24 2.61 (1.50) 0.29 (0.16) 2.35 (3.32) 0.068 (0.10)
  Female 57 2.34 (1.95) 0.25 (0.21) 2.32 (3.35) 0.068 (0.01)
 Weight losers 65 −2.84 (2.13) −0.30 (0.22) −0.63 (3.97) −0.018 (0.11)
  Male 21 −3.50 (2.43) −0.37 (0.25) −1.34 (4.91) −0.037 (0.14)
  Female 44 −2.52 (1.92) −0.27 (0.20) −0.30 (3.45) −0.008 (0.01)
   Second term weight change > 0.5 kg Academic year weight change
Second term
 Weight gainers 105 3.50 (2.69) 0.14 (0.11) 2.98 (3.09) 0.085 (0.09)
  Male 30 4.19 (2.06) 0.17 (0.12) 3.81 (3.37) 0.110 (0.09)
  Female 74 3.22 (2.54) 0.13 (0.11) 2.65 (2.93) 0.076 (0.08)
 Weight losers 56 −3.05 (2.44) −0.13 (0.10) −2.04 (3.65) −0.058 (0.10)
  Male 20 −3.19 (2.28) −0.13 (0.10) −2.99 (3.92) −0.084 (0.11)
  Female 36 −2.98 (2.55) −0.12 (0.10) −1.50 (3.44) −0.043 (0.10)