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Table 2 Characteristics of 2142 consecutive treatment seeking patients stratified by treatment choice

From: The association between severity of King’s Obesity Staging Criteria scores and treatment choice in patients with morbid obesity: a retrospective cohort study

  Lifestyle Bariatric surgery P value
N 1329 (62%) 813 (38%) -
Age, yrs 44 (13) 42 (11) <0.001
Female gender 870 (66%) 548 (67%) 0.371
OSA 250 (19%) 151 (19%) 0.909
CPAP 183 (14%) 92 (11%) 0.110
COPD or Asthma 61 (5%) 29 (4%) 0.269
Waist circumference, cm 130 (14) 133 (14) <0.001
BMI, kg/m2 43.8 (5.8) 45.4 (6.0) <0.001
Hypertension 802 (60%) 498 (61%) 0.648
Ten year cardiovascular risk, % 10.7 (10.6) 9.4 (9.2) 0.004
Coronary artery disease 66 (5%) 30 (4%) 0.196
Current smoker 333 (25%) 239 (29%) 0.031
Metabolic syndrome 921 (69%) 588 (72%) 0.143
HbA1c, % 6.1 (2.2) 6.1 (1.3) 0.769
Type 2 diabetes 405 (31%) 253(31%) 0.772
Family history diabetes 429 (32%) 283 (35%) 0.237
Workplace disadvantages 274 (21%) 187 (23%) 0.194
Disabled 307 (23%) 162 (20%) 0.085
<1 h moderate physical activity / week 386 (39%) 198 (35%) 0.142
Hyperandrogenemiaa 377 (43%) 230 (42%) 0.620
PCOSa 121 (14%) 72 (13%) 0.692
Anxiety/depression 542 (41%) 327 (40%) 0.821
Eating disorder 87 (7%) 54 (7%) 0.929
Psychoactive drug 243 (18%) 149 (18%) 0.954
  1. Data are presented as mean (SD) or n (%). OSA Obstructive sleep apnea, CPAP continuous positive airway pressure, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, BMI body mass index, PCOS polycystic ovarian syndrome
  2. aFemale participants