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Table 2 Associations between overweight and obesity category in urban and rural children at age 8 years and rapid weight gain from birth to 1 year

From: Early rapid weight gain and subsequent overweight and obesity in middle childhood in Peru

  Urban Rural
  Null Unadjusted Adjusteda Null Unadjusted Adjusteda
    Model 1 Model 2    Model 1 Model 2
QICCb 1425.13 1388.17 1236.54 1221.06 322.91 318.36 307.74 300.37
Intercept 0.498 0.365 0.353 0.439 0.160 0.126 0.102 0.077
Weight gain >0.67 SD from birth to 1 year   2.27 (<0.001)c 2.10 (<0.001) 2.06 (<0.001)   2.29 (<0.001) 2.10 (0.003) 2.60 (0.001)
Sex female    0.55 (<0.001) 0.55 (<0.001)    0.62 (0.001) 0.70 (0.004)
BMI of the mother    1.62 (<0.001) 1.55 (<0.001)    1.49 (<0.001) 1.59 (<0.001)
Height for age (child) at 8 years    1.80 (<0.001) 1.73 (<0.001)     
Wealth index at 8 years     1.50 (<0.001)     
Number of days of active exercise at 8 years    0.87 (0.037)      
Mothers education level category (compared with incomplete primary school):
 Further education    1.93 (0.016)     0.89 (0.895) 0.63 (0.629)
 Completed secondary school    1.23 (0.500)     1.44 (0.460) 1.16 (0.773)
 Incomplete secondary school    1.20 (0.519)     0.53 (0.130) 0.47 (0.077)
 Completed primary school    0.88 (0.526)     0.41 (0.015) 0.31 (0.002)
Frequency of having soda drinks at 8 years (compared with <1 per 2 weeks)
 > 1 per week (frequent)        3.94 (0.001)  
 ≥ 1 per 2 weeks (less frequent)        1.73 (0.031)  
Fast food consumption at 8 years (compared with <1 per 2 weeks)
 > 1 per week (frequent)         5.11 (<0.001)
 ≥ 1 per 2 weeks (less frequent)         2.81 (<0.001)
  1. aValues given in the table indicate that this variable was adjusted for in the model
  2. bQuasi likelihood under independence model criterion
  3. cNumbers represent odds ratios and (p-values)