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Table 3 Associations between overweight and obesity category in urban and rural children at age 8 years and rapid weight gain from 1 to 5 years

From: Early rapid weight gain and subsequent overweight and obesity in middle childhood in Peru

  Urban Rural
  Null Unadjusted Adjusteda Null Unadjusted Adjusteda
    Model 1    Model 1 Model 2
QICC 1425.13 1387.70 1245.26 322.91 321.24 305.24 303.31
Intercept 0.498 0.425 0.377 0.160 0.141 0.081 0.081
Weight gain >0.67 SD from 1 to 5 years   3.20 (<0.001)b 2.40 (<0.001)   2.08 (0.001) 1.99 (0.017) 2.01 (0.018)
Sex female    0.64 (0.001)     
BMI of the mother    1.54 (<0.001)    1.65 (<0.001) 1.63 (<0.001)
Height for age (child) (aged 8 years)    1.80 (<0.001)     
Birth weight    1.11 (0.026)    0.96 (0.761)  
Mothers education level category (compared with incomplete primary school):
 Further education    1.95 (0.018)    0.86 (0.865) 0.86 (0.869)
 Completed secondary school    1.32 (0.403)    1.07 (0.876) 1.04 (0.938)
 Incomplete secondary school    1.19 (0.546)    0.46 (0.058) 0.45 (0.062)
 Completed primary school    0.85 (0.450)    0.30 (0.007) 0.29 (0.006)
Number of days of active exercise (aged 8 years)        
Frequency of having soda drinks at 8 years (compared with <1 per 2 weeks)
 > 1 per week (frequent)        
 ≥ 1 per 2 weeks (less frequent)        
Fast food consumption ay 8 years (compared with <1 per 2 weeks)
 > 1 per week (frequent)       4.34 (<0.001) 4.31 (<0.001)
 ≥ 1 per 2 weeks (less frequent)       2.94 (<0.001) 2.92 (<0.001)
  1. aValues given in the table indicate that this variable was adjusted for in the model shown
  2. bNumbers represent odds ratios and (p-values)