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Table 1 Socio demographic characteristics of study population according to gender

From: Body mass index–measured adiposity and population attributability of associated factors: a population-based study from Buea, Cameroon

Characteristics Male (n = 437, 38.3%) Female (n = 702, 61.7%) Total (N = 1,139) p-value
Age, mean ± SD 31.4 ± 12.8 31.6 ± 12.1 31.5 ± 12.4 0.747
BMI, mean ± SD, kg/m2 24.4 ± 3.4 25.8 ± 4.7 25.3 ± 4.3 <0.0001
Age category n = 437 n = 702 N = 1,139 0.032
 18–24 years 188 (43.0) 261 (37.1) 449 (39.4)
 25–34 years 109 (24.9) 216 (30.7) 325 (28.5)
 35–44 years 63 (14.4) 106 (15.1) 169 (14.8)
 45–54 years 56 (12.8) 79 (11.2) 135 (11.8)
 55–64 years 11 (2.5) 35 (5.0) 46 (4.0)
  ≥ 65 years 10 (2.3) 5 (1.0) 15 (1.4)
Marital Status n = 437 n = 702 N = 1,139 <0.0001
 Single 338 (77.3) 427 (60.8) 765 (67.2)
 Divorced 11 (2.5) 29 (4.1) 40 (3.5)
 Widowed 11 (2.5) 33 (4.7) 44 (3.9)
 Married 77 (17.6) 213 (30.3) 290 (25.4)
Level of education n = 435 n = 699 N = 1,134 0.002
 Up to secondary 89 (20.5) 209 (29.9) 298 (26.3)
 High school 98 (22.5) 135 (19.3) 233 (20.5)
 Diploma 41 (9.4) 85 (12.2) 126 (11.1)
 Undergrad University 171 (39.3) 225 (32.2) 396 (34.9)
 Postgrad University 36 (8.3) 45 (6.4) 83 (7.2)
Employment status n = 429 n = 700 n = 1,129 <0.0001
 Unemployed 50 (11.6) 84 (12.0) 134 (11.9)
 Retired 18 (4.2) 10 (1.4) 28 (2.5)
 Housewife 00 (0.0) 70 (10.0) 71 (6.3)
 Student 225 (52.3) 328 (46.8) 552 (48.9)
 Self employed 93 (21.6) 151 (21.5) 244 (21.6)
 Employed 43 (10.0) 57 (8.1) 100 (8.9)
Monthly income n = 422 n = 670 N = 1,092 <0.0001
  < 50,000FCFA (~100USD) 256 (60.7) 443 (66.1) 699 (64.0)
 50–100,000FCFA (~100-200USD) 92 (21.8) 170 (25.4) 262 (24.0)
  > 100,000FCFA (>200USD) 74 (17.5) 57 (8.5) 131(12.0)
  1. BMI body mass index, SD standard deviation, FCFA central African franc, USD United States Dollar, Apart from age and BMI (means compared using independent samples t-test), the rest of the characteristics are frequencies (percentage) compared using chi squared test