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Table 2 Overall prevalence of overweight and obesity and according to demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Body mass index–measured adiposity and population attributability of associated factors: a population-based study from Buea, Cameroon

Characteristics Normal n = 628 Overweight n = 396 Obese n = 115 Total N = 1,139 p-value
Overall crude prevalence (95% CI) 55.1 (52.3–57.9) 34.8 (32.0–37.6) 10.1 (8.3–11.9)   
Age-adjusted prevalence (95% CI) 52.4 (49.5–55.3) 36.5 (33.7–39.3) 11.1 (9.3–12.9)   
BMI, mean ± SD, kg/m2 22.6 ± 1.6 27.0 ± 1.3 34.0 ± 6.4 25.3 ± 4.3 <0.0001
Gender n = 628 n = 396 n = 115 N = 1,139 <0.0001
 Male 280 (64.4) 133 (30.6) 22 (5.1) 435 (38.2)
 Female 348 (49.4) 263 (37.4) 93 (13.2) 704 (61.8)
Educational level 624 (55.1) 394 (34.8) 114 (10.1) N = 1,132 <0.0001
 Up to secondary 124 (41.6) 125 (41.9) 49 (16.4) 298 (26.3)  
 High school 119 (51.1) 97 (41.6) 17 (7.3) 233 (20.6)
 Diploma 56 (44.4) 47 (37.3) 23 (18.3) 126 (11.1)
 Undergraduate 280 (71.1) 97 (24.6) 17 (4.3) 394 (34.8)
 Post graduate 45 (55.6) 28 (34.6) 8 (9.9) 81 (7.2)
Employment status 621 (55.0) 395 (35.0) 113 (10.0) N = 1,129 <0.0001
 Unemployed 71 (53.0) 48 (35.8) 15 (11.2) 134 (11.9)
 Retired 15 (53.6) 8 (28.6) 5 (17.9) 28 (2.5)
 Housewife 22 (31.0) 38 (53.5) 11 (15.5) 71 (6.3)
 Student 371 (67.2) 155 (28.1) 26 (4.7) 552 (48.9)
 Self employed 102 (41.8) 107 (43.9) 35 (14.3) 244 (21.6)
 Employed 40 (39.6) 39 (39.4) 21 (21.2) 100 (8.9)
Monthly income 605 (55.5) 375 (34.4) 110 (10.1) N = 1,090 <0.0001
  < 50,000FCFA 418 (60.0) 222 (31.0) 57 (8.2) 697 (63.9)
 50-100,000FCFA 133 (50.8) 93 (35.5) 36 (13.7) 262 (24.0)
  > 100,000FCFA 54 (41.2) 60 (45.8) 17 (13.0) 131 (12.0)
Perception of weight 620 (55.6) 383 (34.3) 112 (10.0) N = 1,115 <0.0001
 Underweight 32 (72.7) 10 (2.7) 2 (4.5) 44 (3.9)
 Normal 562 (58.7) 327 (34.1) 69 (7.2) 958 (85.9)
 Overweight 25 (23.4) 45 (42.1) 37 (34.6) 107 (9.6)
 Obese 0 (0.0) 1 (20.0) 4 (80.0) 5 (0.4)
Physical activity frequency 585 (55.5) 361 (34.2) 109 (10.3) N = 1,055 0.138
 0-2times/week 274 (52.5) 188 (36.0) 60 (11.5) 522 (49.5)
  ≥ 3times/week 311 (58.3) 173 (32.5) 49 (9.2) 533 (50.5)
Healthy food 615 (54.9) 390 (34.8) 115 (10.3) N = 1,120 0.183
 Not every day 518 (54.2) 338 (35.4) 100 (10.5) 956 (85.3)
 Every day 97 (59.1) 52 (31.7) 15 (9.1) 164 (14.7)
Family history of CVD 627 (55.3) 391 (34.5) 115 (10.2) N = 1,133 0.005
 Yes 193 (52.3) 123 (33.3) 53 (14.4) 369 (32.6)
 No 434 (56.8) 268 (35.1) 62 (8.1) 764 (67.4)
Self-reported hypertension 626 (55.3) 391 (34.5) 115 (10.2) N = 1,132 <0.0001
 Yes 11 (1.8) 12 (3.1) 10 (8.7) 33 (2.9)
 No 615 (98.2) 379 (96.9) 105 (91.3) 1,099 (97.1)
Self-reported diabetes 626 (55.3) 391 (34.5) 115 (10.2) N = 1,132 0.015
 Yes 4 (0.6) 3 (0.8) 4 (3.5) 11 (1.0)
 No 622 (99.4) 388 (99.2) 111 (96.5) 1,121 (99.0)
  1. SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval, CVD cardiovascular disease, group comparisons were done using chi squared test (for proportions) and independent samples t-test (for means)