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Table 4 Factors associated with overweight and obesity in adult men and women in Buea, Southwest region, Cameroon s2016

From: Body mass index–measured adiposity and population attributability of associated factors: a population-based study from Buea, Cameroon

Characteristics Women (n = 700) Men (n = 431)
Bivariate analysis Multivariable analysis (R 2 = 0.16) Bivariate analysis Multivariable analysis (R 2 = 0.12)
O.R. (95% CI) p-value aO.R. (95% CI) p-value O.R. (95% CI) p-value aO.R. (95% CI) p-value
Age categories
  ≤ 31 years Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
  > 31 years 2.46 (1.82–3.34) <0.0001 1.85 (1.23–2.55) 0.001 2.29 (1.54–3.43) <0.0001 1.83 (1.11–3.02) 0.018
Level of education
 High (diploma + university) Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Low-moderate (secondary + high school) 2.44 (1.80–3.30) <0.0001 1.91 (1.34–2.71) <0.0001 1.44 (0.97–2.15) 0.071 1.11 (0.66–1.76) 0.764
Married
 No Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Yes 3.24 (2.30–4.58) <0.0001 2.30 (1.61–3.41) <0.0001 3.88 (2.32–6.49) <0.0001 3.42 (1.90–6.13) <0.0001
Monthly income
  < 50,000 F (< USD100) Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
 50–100,000 F (USD100–200) 1.68 (1.17–2.40) 0.005 1.51 (1.01–2.19) 0.034 1.10 (0.65–1.82) 0.736 1.01 (0.59–1.69) 0.991
  > 100,000 F (> USD 200) 2.23 (1.25–3.96) 0.006 2.25 (1.19–4.24) 0.012 2.65 (1.56–4.51) 0.001 1.94 (1.01–2.83) 0.202
Frequency of physical activity (min. of 30mins)
  ≥ 3 times/ week Ref   Ref   Ref    
 0–2 times/ week 1.38 (1.01–1.87) 0.041 1.62 (1.20–2.21) 0.005 0.89 (0.58–1.35) 0.575 -  
Alcohol Use
 No Ref     Ref   Ref  
 Yes 1.10 (0.69–1.92) 0.570 -   2.17 (1.36–3.45) 0.001 1.73 (1.05–2.83) 0.301
Smoking status
 No Ref     Ref    
 Former 0.84 (0.28–2.52) 0.756 -   0.56 (0.40–1.16) 0.527 -  
 Current 0.98 (0.19–4.89) 0.980 -   0.37 (0.01–1.21) 0.326 -