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Table 5 Variables associated with obesity alone in adult men and women from Buea, Southwest region of Cameroon, 2016

From: Body mass index–measured adiposity and population attributability of associated factors: a population-based study from Buea, Cameroon

Characteristics Women (n = 700) Men (n = 431)
Bivariate analysis Multivariable analysis (R 2 = 0.14) Bivariate analysis Multivariable analysis (R 2 = 0.11)
O.R. (95% CI) p-value aO.R. (95% CI) p-value O.R. (95% CI) p-value aO.R. (95% CI) p-value
Age categories
  ≤ 31 years Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
  > 31 years 4.11 (2.46–6.85) <0.0001 2.43 (1.50–3.73) <0.0001 2.72 (1.11–6.80) 0.033 1.51 (0.51–4.55) 0.465
Level of education
 High (diploma + university) Ref   Ref   Ref    
 Low-moderate (secondary + high school) 1.82 (1.16–2.85) 0.009 1.31 (1.08–2.61) 0.121 0.91 (0.38–2.18) 0.840 -  
Married
 No Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Yes 2.35 (1.51–3.67) <0.0001 1.85 (1.13–2.89) 0.011 4.33 (1.79–10.43) 0.001 3.07 (1.20–8.71) 0.032
Monthly income
  < 50,000 FCFA (< USD100) Ref   Ref   Ref    
 50–100,000 FCFA (USD100–200) 2.00 (1.23–3.27) 0.006 1.13 (1.02–2.98) 0.103 0.51 (0.18–1.43) 0.199 -  
  > 100,000 FCFA (> USD 200) 2.06 (0.99–4.26) 0.050 1.20 (1.10–3.15) 0.245 0.52 (0.14–1.89) 0.319 -  
Frequency of physical activity (min. of 30mins)
  ≥ 3 times/ week Ref     Ref   Ref  
 0–2 times/ week 1.01 (0.65–1.58) 0.950 -   1.97 (0.77–5.01) 0.155 1.28 (0.56–4.32) 0.352
Alcohol Use
 No Ref     Ref    
 Yes 1.02 (0.486–2.13) 0.936 -   1.07 (0.38–2.98) 0.896 -  
Smoking status
 No Ref     Ref    
 Former 0.55 (0.07–4.27) 0.566 -   1.42 (0.40–5.02) 0.590 -  
 Current 0.87 (0.21–3.65) 0.803 -   0.65 (0.08–5.10) 0.682 -