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Table 1 Number of respondents nominating characteristics of each food term (n = 408)

From: Health communication implications of the perceived meanings of terms used to denote unhealthy foods

  Health concerns Consumption patterns Preparation factors
  General unhealthiness Specific negative nutrients Need for moderation Portion size Between meals Fingers Special events Convenient Processed/pre-packaged Take away/QSRa
Junk food 207cd 108 9 2 0 0 0 28 37 54
Snack food 27 9 1 99c 163d 1 6 63 11 1
Party food 30 20 10 33 0 69d 91c 25c 5 0
Discretionary foodb 18 7 60e 1 1 0 1 0 0 3
  1. a QSR quick service restaurants
  2. b273 (67%) respondents indicated they were unaware of the meaning of this term or provided an incorrect description
  3. cSignificantly higher (p < .05) among younger (under 35) than older (over 55) participants
  4. dSignificantly higher (p < .05) among females than males
  5. eSignificantly higher (p < .05) among normal weight than overweight and obese participants