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Table 3 TDF domains identified as barriers/enablers to eating and physical activity

From: Understanding perceived determinants of nurses’ eating and physical activity behaviour: a theory-informed qualitative interview study

Domain sub categories generated from data Utterance count Nurses citing domain as barrier Nurses citing domain as enabler
Total utterancesa Barrier utterancesa Enabler utterancesa
Social influences 62 17 45 10/16 14/16
 Family, friends, patients and work colleagues (±) 62 17 45   
Beliefs about capabilities 36 9 27 6/16 15/16
 Confidence (±) 31 7 24   
 Past experiences (±) 5 2 3   
Intentions 33 19 14 8/16 8/16
 Lack of motivation (-) 19 19 0   
 Having intentions (+) 14 0 14   
Knowledge 27 1 26 1/16 15/16
 Awareness of guidelines and strategies (e.g. portion control, physical activity guidelines) (+) 25 0 25   
 Awareness of local facilities (±) 2 1 1   
Goals 20 0 20 0/16 11/16
 Priority (+) 6 0 6   
 Holidays/Special occasions (+) 14 0 14   
Reinforcement 19 0 19 0/16 11/16
 Immediate benefits (+) 16 0 16   
 Compliments (+) 2 0 2   
 Free gym membership (+) 1 0 1   
Social, Professional role and identity 16 2 14 4/16 8/16
 Role model (+) 10 0 10   
 Responsibilities of role as a nurse (±) 6 2 4   
Optimism 9 0 9 0/16 7/16
 Positive about outcome of managing body weight (+) 9 0 9   
Skills 0 0 0 0/16 0/16
 No subcategories from data
  1. (-) = barrier; (+) = enabler; (±) = conflicting beliefs whether barrier/enabler
  2. a = A belief whose content may indicate a perceived influence on eating and/or physical activity behaviour