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Table 3 Comparisons between T1DM patients with and without abdominal obesity for all and gender specified

From: Gender, alexithymia and physical inactivity associated with abdominal obesity in type 1 diabetes mellitus: a cross sectional study at a secondary care hospital diabetes clinic

  All patients Men Women
  Obesitya Non-obesity P a Obesitya Non-obesity P a Obesitya Non-obesity P a
N 49 235   13 146   36 89  
Age (years) 45 (35, 53) 42 (31, 51) 0.11b 50 (34, 58) 43 (32, 51) 0.072 b 45 (35–51) 40 (30–48) 0.18b
Diabetes duration (years) 22 (14, 28) 20 (11, 31) 0.64b 21 (8, 31) 20 (12, 32) 0.92 b 23 (15–29) 18 (10–29) 0.27b
Depression (≥ 8p)c 6 (12) 23 (10) 0.61 2 (15) 13 (9) 0.35 4 (11) 10 (11) >0.99
Anxiety (≥ 8p)d 25 (51) 71 (30) 0.007 3 (31) 35 (24) 0.74 21 (58) 36 (40) 0.078
Alexithymia (≥ 61p)e 12 (24) 30 (13) 0.046 3 (23) 16 (11) 0.19 9 (25) 14 (16) 0.31
High DIF (≥23 p)e 12 (24) 20 (8) 0.005 4 (31) 8 (6) 0.009 8 (22) 12 (14) 0.28
High DDF (≥ 18 p)e 4 (8) 26 (11) 0.80 1 (8) 16 (11) >0.99 3 (8) 10 (11) 0.72
High EOT (≥ 27 p)e 2 (4) 29 (12) 0.13 0 (0) 23 (16) 0.22 2 (6) 6 (7) >0.99
High self-emancipation (≥ 66 p)f 6 (12) 21 (9) 0.43 3 (23) 15 (10) 0.18 3 (9) 6 (7) 0.72
Low self-affirmation (≤ 38 p)f 9 (19) 23 (10) 0.13 1 (8) 8 (6) 0.55 8 (23) 15 (17) 0.61
Low self-love (≤ 40 p)f 8 (17) 23 (10) 0.21 2 (15) 9 (6) 0.23 6 (17) 14 (16) >0.99
Low self-protection (≤ 30 p)f 5 (10) 23 (10) >0.99 1 (8) 18 (13) >0.99 4 (11) 5 (6) 0.28
Low self-control (≤ 28 p)f 8 (17) 25 (11) 0.32 2 (15) 16 (11) 0.65 6 (17) 9 (10) 0.36
High self-blame (≥ 52 p)f 9 (19) 28 (12) 0.24 1 (8) 8 (6) 0.55 8 (23) 20 (23) >0.99
High self-hate (≥ 50 p)f 10 (21) 20 (9) 0.021 1 (8) 7 (5) 0.51 9 (26) 13 (15) 0.20
High self-neglect (≥ 48 p)f 7 (14) 24 (10) 0.45 1 (8) 17 (12) >0.99 6 (17) 7 (8) 0.19
Smokingg 4 (9) 24 (11) 0.80 1 (8) 17 (12) >0.99 3 (9) 7 (8) >0.99
Physical inactivityh 9 (19) 22 (10) 0.084 2 (15) 16 (11) 0.65 7 (20) 6 (7) 0.054
Cardiovascular complications 5 (10) 5 (2) 0.016 1 (8) 5 (3) 0.41 4 (11) 0 0.006
Clinical psychiatric diagnoses 11 (22) 27 (11) 0.062 1 (8) 15 (10) >0.99 10 (28) 12 (14) 0.071
Antidepressants 8 (16) 15 (6) 0.038 1 (8) 10 (7) >0.99 7 (19) 5 (6) 0.038
MDII and OAA 13 (27) 4 (2) <0.001 3 (23) 3 (2) 0.009 10 (28) 1 (1) <0.001
CSII 1 (2) 25 (10)   0 13 (9)   1 (3) 12 (14)  
MDII 35 (71) 206 (88)   10 (77) 130 (89)   25 (69) 76 (85)  
  1. Obesity defined as men/women: WC ≥ 1.02/≥ 0.88 m. Data are n (%) or median (q1, q3)
  2. aFisher’s exact test unless otherwise indicated
  3. bMann-Whitney U test
  4. cHADS-D
  5. dHADS-A
  6. eTAS-20
  7. fSASB
  8. Missing values for obese/non-obese men: f n = 0/3
  9. g n = 0/6
  10. h n = 0/6. Missing values for obese/non-obese women. f n = 1/3; g n = 2/4; h n = 1/5