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Table 5 Table showing Crude odds ratio of independent medically related factors associated with overweight and obesity among pensioners in Ghana

From: Prevalence of obesity and overweight and its associated factors among registered pensioners in Ghana; a cross sectional studies

Variable N (%) Crude Odds ratio 95% Confidence interval
Known Hypertension Status
 Non Hypertensive 2317 (52.2) - -
 Known Hypertensive 2122 (47.8) 2.6 2.3–2.9
Known Diabetic status 3914 (89.7)   
 Not a known Diabetic 448 (10.3) - -
 Known Diabetic   2.5 2.0–3.0
Use of eye glasses to aid vision
 No eye glass 1879 (44.1) - -
 Uses eye glasses 2379 (55.9) 2.3 2.0–2.6
Diagnosed as having Arthritis
 No arthritis 3490 (83.1) - -
 Have arthritis 710 (16.9) 1.6 1.3–1.8
Chronic bodily pains
 No bodily Pains 2154 (51.2) - -
 Chronic bodily pains 2055 (48.8) 1.3 1.1–1.5
Allergies
 No Allergies 3583 (87.4) - -
 Allergies 516 (12.6) 1.7 1.4–2.0
Previous surgeries
 No previous surgeries 2967 (70.3)   
 Previous surgeries 1254 (29.7) 1.3 1.2–1.5
Alcohol intake
 No alcohol 3214 (75.2) - -
 Takes in Alcohol 1062 (24.8) 0.6 0.5–0.7
Smoking status
 Non-Smoker 4162 (97.7) - -
 Smoker 96 (2.3) 0.3 0.2–0.5
Mean Arterial Pressure (mmHg)
 ≤ 105 2825 (61.9) - -
 > 105 1736 (38.1) 1.4 1.3–1.6
Total Cholesterol level in mmol/L
 ≤ 6.18 (239 mg/dL) 4076 (86.0) -  
 > 6.18 (239 mg/dL) 662 (14.0) 1.9 1.6–2.3
Low density Lipoprotein in mmol/L
 ≤ 4.11 (159 mg/dL) 4187 (88.4) - -
 ≥ 4.12 (160 mg/dL) 551 (11.6) 1.5 1.3–1.8
Triglycerides level in mmol/L
 ≤ 2.25 (199 mg/dL) 4449 (93.9) -  
 ≥ 2.26 (200 mg/dL) 289 (6.1) 2.6 2.0–3.3
High density Lipoprotein in mmol/L
 < 1.55 2956 (62.4) - -
 ≥ 1.55 1782 (37.6) 1.4 1.2–1.6
Coronary risk ratio
 < 3.50   - -
 > 3.50   1.2 1.0–1.3
Hearing loss in one or both ears
 Normal hearing 4126 (95.1) -  
 Impaired hearing 213 (4.9) 0.6 0.5–0.9
Exercise lasting for at least 30 min in a day
 None per week 2924 (60.8) - -
 1 or 2 days per week 707 (14.7) 1.4 1.2–1.7
 3 days per week 271 (5.6) 1.1 0.9–1.4
 > 3 days per week 911 (18.9) 1.0 0.9–1.2
Vegetarian status
 Non vegetarian 4143 (97.8) - -
 Vegetarian 95 (2.2) 0.6 0.4–0.9