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Table 6 Adjusted odds ratio for factors independently associated with Obesity and overweight by models

From: Prevalence of obesity and overweight and its associated factors among registered pensioners in Ghana; a cross sectional studies

  Model A Model B Model C
Independent factors AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Known Hypertension Status
 Non Hypertensive -   
 Known Hypertensive 2.3 (2.1–2.7) 2.1 (1.8–2.4) 1.8 (1.5–2.0)
Known Diabetic status    
 Not a known Diabetic -   
 Known Diabetic 2.3 (1.8–2.9) 2.0 (1.5–2.5) 1.7 (1.3–2.2)
Use of eye glasses to aid vision
 No eye glass -   
 Uses eye glasses 2.1 (1.8–2.4) 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 1.6 (1.4–1.9)
Mean Arterial Pressure (mmHg)
 ≤ 105 -   
 > 105 1.6 (1.4–1.9) 1.8 (1.5–2.1) 1.6 (1.3–1.9)
Diagnosed as having Arthritis
 No arthritis -   
 Have arthritis 1.3 (1.2–1.5) 1.4 (1.1–1.7) 1.3 (1.1–1.6)
Previous surgeries
 No previous surgeries -   
 Previous surgeries 1.3 (1.2–1.5) 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 1.2 (1.0–1.4)
Smoking status
 Non-Smoker -   
 Smoker 0.4 (0.2–0.7) 0.5 (0.3–0.9) 0.5 (0.3–1.0)
Hearing loss in one or both ears
 Normal hearing -   
 Impaired hearing 0.7 (0.5–0.9) 0.7 (0.5–0.9) 0.7 (0.5–1.0)
Total Cholesterol level in mmol/L
 ≤ 6.18 (239 mg/dL) -   
 > 6.18 (239 mg/dL) 2.1 (1.7–2.6) 1.6 (1.3–2.0) 1.6 (1.1–2.2)
Triglycerides level in mmol/L
 ≤ 2.25 (199 mg/dL) -   
 ≥ 2.26 (200 mg/dL) 2.4 (1.8–3.2) 2.0 (1.5–2.7) 1.8 (1.3 - 2.5)
Low density Lipoprotein in mmol/L
 ≤ 4.11 (159 mg/dL) -   
 ≥ 4.12 (160 mg/dL) 1.7 (1.4–2.1) 1.3 (1.1–1.7)  
Coronary risk ratio
 < 3.50 -   
 > 3.50 1.3 (1.2–1.5) 1.2 (1.0–1.4)  
Sex
 Male -   
 Female 4.3 (3.7–5.1)   3.1 (2.5–3.8)
Highest Formal Educational Level
 None -   
 Basic/ MSLC# 1.4 (1.0–1.8)   
 Secondary 1.8 (1.4–2.4)   
 Tertiary 2.5 (1.9–3.3)   
 Others 1.8 (1.2–2.7)   
Social class#
 I [Professional] 4.6 (3.3–6.3)   
 II [Managerial/technical] 1.6 (1.3–2.0)   
 III [(N) Skilled non-manual] 1.8 (1.4–2.2)   
 III [(M) Skilled Manual] 1.1 (0.8–1.4)   
 IV [Partly skilled] 1.2 (1.0–1.5)   
 V [Unskilled] -   
  1. MSLC# Middle School Leaving Certificate
  2. Model A: Model Adjusted for religion, region of residence, ethnic background and marital status
  3. Model B: Model adjusted for age, sex, Highest formal education, Social class and all the variables adjusted for in model A
  4. Model C: Model adjusted for all variables adjusted for in model A, plus all other variables in the table
  5. Reporting for variables with significant results in model C