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Table 2 Clinical and dietary data; comparing ASCA IgG ≥ 10 U/mL to IgG < 10 U/mL a

From: Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA) are associated with body fat mass and systemic inflammation, but not with dietary yeast consumption: a cross-sectional study

  IgG ≥ 10 U/mL n IgG < 10 U/mL n Adjusted for age, gender and BMI b P-value
Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Age, years 45.3 (7.9) 31 42.5 (8.8) 109 1.06 (1.00–1.11) 0.04 *
Gender (male/female) 9 (29%)/22 (71%) 31 22 (20%)/87 (80%) 109 1.29 (0.49–3.36) 0.61
Height, cm 172 (161–197) 31 168 (149–192) 109 1.09 (1.01–1.16) 0.02 c, *
Weight, kg 128 (95–183) 31 118 (90–192) 109 1.04 (1.01–1.07) <0.01 c, *
BMI, kg/m2 42.8 (3.9) 31 41.9 (3.8) 109 1.10 (0.98–1.24) 0.10
Body fat, percentage of body weight 48 (33–50) 31 47 (31–51) 109 1.22 (0.94–1.58) 0.14 c
Body fat mass, kg 59 (43–75) 31 53 (39–81) 109 1.07 (1.02–1.13) 0.01 c, *
Dietary intake
 Bread, g 148 (24–267) 23 174 (48–444) 75 1.00 (0.99–1.00) 0.39
 Beer, g 0 (0–180) 23 0 (0–140) 75 1.01 (0.99–1.02) 0.35
 Bread, buns and other baked goods + beer, g 172 (24–387) 23 187 (53–1060) 75 1.00 (0.99–1.00) 0.39
 Energy, kJ 9293 (5100–20,111) 23 9737 (4830–21,816) 75 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 0.58
 Carbohydrates, g 251 (79–475) 23 247 (94–903) 75 1.00 (0.99–1.00) 0.60
 Proteins, g 109 (64–177) 23 108 (43–213) 75 1.00 (0.99–1.02) 0.99
 Fats, g 82 (27–231) 23 93 (38–283) 75 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 0.61
 Alcohol, g 0.6 (0–10) 23 1.3 (0–21) 75 0.93 (0.79–1.08) 0.33
Physical activity (light) d   31   109   
  < 1 h/week (reference) 7 (23%)   30 (28%)    
 1–2 h/week 13 (42%)   43 (39%)   1.54 (0.53–4.54) 0.43
  ≥ 3 h/week 11 (35%)   36 (33%)   1.69 (0.55–5.22) 0.36
Physical activity (strenuous) d   31   109   
  < 1 h/week (reference) 17 (55%)   66 (61%)    
  ≥ 1 h/week 14 (45%)   43 (39%)   1.23 (0.54–2.80) 0.62
Smoking   31   109   
 Never (reference) 13 (42%)   42 (39%)    
 Former 14 (45%)   46 (42%)   0.90 (0.36–2.24) 0.83
 Current 4 (13%)   21 (19%)   0.78 (0.21–2.83) 0.70
Previous or present co-morbidity
 Hypertension 10 (32%) 31 36 (33%) 109 0.65 (0.25–1.70) 0.38
 Diabetes mellitus 9 (29%) 31 17 (16%) 109 1.98 (0.74–5.32) 0.18
 Hypothyroidism 6 (19%) 31 12 (11%) 109 1.89 (0.62–5.74) 0.26
 Irritable Bowel Syndrome 8 (27%) 30 27 (26%) 105 1.25 (0.47–3.28) 0.66
 Mental distress (HSCL-10 score > 1.85) 12 (39%) 31 22 (20%) 109 2.53 (1.04–6.17) 0.04 *
  1. aData are expressed as mean (SD), median (min-max) and n (%)
  2. bBased on logistic regression with ASCA IgG dichotomized at cut-off 10 as the dependent variable and age, gender, BMI and one by one of the column variables as independent variables
  3. cAdjusted for age and gender only
  4. dCategories are collapsed as compared to originally four categories; no significant differences between the groups were seen when all original categories were included (data not shown)
  5. *Statistically significant P < 0.05