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Table 4 Odds Ratios for Whole Egg categories and Process Meat consumption categories at 6–9 weeks postpartum and substantial postpartum weight retention (≥5 kg) at 1-year (entire sample)a

From: Dietary variables associated with substantial postpartum weight retention at 1-year among women with GDM pregnancy

Whole egg categories
N = 883 None (n = 156) 1 serv/wk. (n = 195) 2–4 serv/wk. (n = 354) ≥ 5 serv/wk. (n = 178) Overall Groups P-value
Model 1:
 Unadjusted Referent 1.07 (0.67–1.71) 0.68 (0.44–1.06) 0.55 (0.32–0.93)* 0.021
Model 2:b
 Adjusted Referent 1.26 (0.73–2.17) 0.71 (0.43–1.18) 0.65 (0.36–1.19) 0.043
Model 3:c
 Adjusted Referent 1.38 (0.81–2.36) 0.79 (0.48–1.29) 0.74 (0.41–1.34) 0.058
Model 4:d
 Adjusted Referent 1.35 (0.78–2.36) 0.78 (0.46–1.32) 0.69 (0.37–1.29) 0.064
Processed meats Categories
N = 883 None (n = 344) 1 serv/wk. (n = 245) 2–4 serv/wk. (n = 247) ≥ 5 serv/wk. (n = 47) Overall Groups P-value
Model 1:
 Unadjusted Referent 1.11 (0.75–1.64) 0.88 (0.59–1.32) 2.48 (1.31–4.68)* 0.021
Model 2:b
 Adjusted Referent 0.90 (0.58–1.40) 0.65 (0.41–1.05) 1.28 (0.60–2.72) 0.199
Model 3:c
 Adjusted Referent 0.92 (0.59–1.44) 0.83 (0.53–1.31) 1.78 (0.87–3.63) 0.238
Model 4:e
 Adjusted Referent 0.91 (0.57–1.44) 0.69 (0.42–1.13) 1.46 (0.67–3.20) 0.202
  1. *statistically significant associations (p < 0.05) for individual group comparison to the referent group
  2. aData are OR (95% CI)
  3. bModel 2 adjusted for BF duration, pre-pregnancy BMI, education level, gestational weight gain
  4. cModel 3 adjusted for BF duration, pre-pregnancy BMI, education level, gestational weight gain, (baseline glucose tolerance plus transition of glucose tolerant categories from baseline (6–9 weeks postpartum) to 1-year postpartum)
  5. dModel 4 adjusted for BF duration, pre-pregnancy BMI, education level, gestational weight gain, (baseline glucose tolerance plus transition of glucose tolerant categories from baseline (6–9 weeks postpartum) to 1-year postpartum) and soda, fried foods, and processed meats
  6. eModel 4 adjusted for BF duration, pre-pregnancy BMI, education level, gestational weight gain, (baseline glucose tolerance plus transition of glucose tolerant categories from baseline (6–9 weeks postpartum) to 1-year postpartum) and soda, fried foods and eggs