Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence and odds ratios (95% CI) for the association of factors with weight status of school children (N = 522)

From: Associations of out of school physical activity, sedentary lifestyle and socioeconomic status with weight status and adiposity of Cameroon children

Factors N Overweight/obesity
Prevalence
(%)
Bivariate
OR
(95% CI) p-valuea Multivariable
OR
(95% CI) p-valuea
Physical activity      < 0.001    < 0.001
 ≤ 2 times/week 209 27.8 Ref.    Ref.   
 > 2 – 4 times/week 194 14.9 0.2 (0.1 – 0.3)   0.1 (0.05 – 0.3)  
 > 4 – 7 times/week 119 5.9 0.4 (0.1 – 0.8)   0.2 (0.1 – 0.6)  
Sedentary lifestyle      < 0.001    0.001
 ≤ 1 h/day 196 11.2 Ref.    Ref.   
 > 1 – 3 h/day 203 17.2 3.1 (1.8 – 5.9)   3.3 (1.8 – 6.9)  
 > 3 – 6 h/day 123 30.1 2.0 (1.2 – 3.4)   2.4 (1.2 – 4.3)  
Occupation class      < 0.001    < 0.001
 Low 239 7.1 Ref.    Ref.   
 Middle 149 14.8 9.7 (5.3 – 17.9)   8.6 (4.4 – 16.9)  
 High 134 41.0 4.0 (2.3 – 7.1)   4.3 (2.2 – 8.1)  
Parental education      0.765    
 Illiterate 129 20.2 Ref.      
 Primary 107 15.9 0.8 (0.4 – 1.7)  
 Secondary 146 19.2 1.0 (0.5 – 2.0)  
 Higher education 140 16.4 0.8 (0.4 – 1.5)  
Type of school      0.330    
 Public 254 16.4 Ref.      
 Private 268 19.4 1.2 (0.8 – 2.0)  
Area of residence      0.774    
 Rural 158 17.1 Ref.      
 Urban 364 18.4 0.9 (0.6 – 1.5)  
  1. Multivariable odds ratios have been adjusted for age, gender, design variables (school and class), and all significant variables in bivariate analysis
  2. OR Odds ratio, CI confidence interval. a p-value for whole variable significance