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Table 3 Mean differences in blood pressure for adiposity measures (N = 5792)

From: Comparative associations between anthropometric and bioelectric impedance analysis derived adiposity measures with blood pressure and hypertension in India: a cross-sectional analysis

  mmHg per SD (95% CI)
Measurement (SD) SBP DBP PP MAP MBP
Male
 Model 1
  Body Mass Index (3.73 kg/m2) 4.56 (3.98, 5.14) 2.71 (2.36, 3.07) 1.85 (1.46, 2.23) 3.33 (2.93, 3.74) 3.64 (3.20, 4.08)
  Waist Circumference (11.13 cm) 4.17 (3.59, 4.76) 2.71 (2.36, 3.06) 1.46 (1.08, 1.85) 3.20 (2.79, 3.60) 3.44 (3.00, 3.88)
  Hip Circumference (7.20 cm) 3.76 (3.18, 4.35) 2.27 (1.91, 2.62) 1.50 (1.11, 1.88) 2.77 (2.36, 3.17) 3.02 (2.57, 3.46)
  Waist-Hip Ratio (0.075) 3.23 (2.64, 3.82) 2.25 (1.89, 2.61) 0.98 (0.59, 1.37) 2.58 (2.16, 2.99) 2.74 (2.29, 3.19)
  Waist-Height Ratio (0.067) 4.21 (3.63, 4.80) 2.69 (2.34, 3.05) 1.52 (1.14, 1.91) 3.20 (2.79, 3.60) 3.45 (3.01, 3.89)
  Whole Body Fat (6.44%) 4.69 (4.11, 5.27) 3.02 (2.67, 3.36) 1.68 (1.29, 2.06) 3.57 (3.18, 3.97) 3.85 (3.42, 4.29)
  Trunk Fat (7.82%) 4.62 (4.04, 5.20) 3.07 (2.72, 3.42) 1.55 (1.17, 1.94) 3.59 (3.19, 3.99) 3.85 (3.41, 4.28)
 Model 2
  Body Mass Index (3.73 kg/m2)a 2.13 (1.12, 3.13) 0.71 (0.10, 1.32) 1.42 (0.75, 2.08) 1.18 (0.49, 1.88) 1.42 (0.66, 2.18)
  Whole Body Fat (6.44%)b 2.96 (1.96, 3.96) 2.44 (1.83, 3.04) 0.52 (−0.14, 1.19) 2.61 (1.92, 3.30) 2.70 (1.95, 3.46)
  Waist Circumference (11.13 cm)c 1.33 (0.37, 2.30) 0.71 (0.13, 1.29) 0.62 (−0.02, 1.26) 0.92 (0.25, 1.59) 1.02 (0.29, 1.75)
  Trunk Fat (7.82%)d 3.55 (2.59, 4.52) 2.50 (1.92, 3.08) 1.05 (0.41, 1.70) 2.85 (2.18, 3.52) 3.03 (2.29, 3.76)
Female
 Model 1
  Body Mass Index (4.06 kg/m2) 4.00 (3.43, 4.57) 3.02 (2.70, 3.33) 0.98 (0.59, 1.38) 3.35 (2.97, 3.72) 3.51 (3.09, 3.93)
  Waist Circumference (10.09 cm) 4.00 (3.43, 4.58) 3.07 (2.75, 3.39) 0.94 (0.54, 1.33) 3.38 (3.00, 3.76) 3.53 (3.11, 3.96)
  Hip Circumference (8.51 cm) 3.47 (2.90, 4.04) 2.76 (2.44, 3.08) 0.71 (0.32, 1.10) 3.00 (2.62, 3.37) 3.11 (2.69, 3.54)
  Waist-Hip Ratio (0.064) 2.86 (2.27, 3.46) 2.06 (1.72, 2.39) 0.81 (0.40, 1.21) 2.33 (1.93, 2.72) 2.46 (2.02, 2.90)
  Waist-Height Ratio (0.068) 4.26 (3.68, 4.84) 3.12 (2.80, 3.44) 1.14 (0.74, 1.53) 3.50 (3.12, 3.88) 3.69 (3.27, 4.11)
  Whole Body Fat (7.38%) 3.73 (3.17, 4.30) 2.94 (2.63, 3.26) 0.79 (0.40, 1.18) 3.21 (2.83, 3.58) 3.34 (2.92, 3.76)
  Trunk Fat (9.23%) 3.86 (3.29, 4.42) 3.04 (2.73, 3.35) 0.82 (0.43, 1.21) 3.31 (2.94, 3.69) 3.45 (3.03, 3.86)
 Model 2
  Body Mass Index (4.06 kg/m2)a 3.31 (2.00, 4.61) 1.89 (1.16, 2.61) 1.42 (0.52, 2.32) 2.36 (1.50, 3.22) 2.60 (1.64, 3.55)
  Whole Body Fat (7.38%)b 0.77 (−0.53, 2.07) 1.25 (0.53, 1.98) −0.48 (−1.38, 0.41) 1.09 (0.23, 1.95) 1.01 (0.06, 1.96)
  Waist Circumference (10.09 cm)c 2.41 (1.32, 3.50) 1.58 (0.98, 2.18) 0.83 (0.09, 1.58) 1.85 (1.14, 2.57) 1.99 (1.20, 2.79)
  Trunk Fat (9.23%)d 1.85 (0.78, 2.91) 1.73 (1.14, 2.32) 0.12 (−0.61, 0.86) 1.77 (1.06, 2.47) 1.79 (1.01, 2.57)
  1. Estimates exclude those on antihypertensive medication. Model 1, estimates from multiple linear regression, adjusted for age and education. Model 2, model 1 plus additional adjustments for awhole body fat percentage, bbody mass index, ctrunk fat percentage, dwaist circumference. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, PP pulse pressure, MAP mean arterial pressure, MBP mid-blood pressure, SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval