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Table 4 Associations between the intake of NNS and intake of energy, energy-yielding nutrients, vitamins and salt

From: Intake of non-nutritive sweeteners is associated with an unhealthy lifestyle: a cross-sectional study in subjects with morbid obesity

Diet NNS Total NNS Carbonated NNS Non-carb NNS Sweeteners
rho p-value rho p-value rho p-value rho p-value
Total energy (kcal) 0.138 0.003 0.235 0.004 - 0.101 0.0329 0.014 0.080
Protein (g) 0.081 0.106 0.198 0.012 - 0.066 0.551 - 0.007 0.028
Fat (g) 0.172 0.013 0.273 0.005 - 0.053 0.043 0.083 0.094
Carbohydrates (g) 0.145 0.002 0.221 0.014 - 0.097 0.031 - 0.048 0.031
Sugar (g) 0.204 0.003 0.257 0.003 - 0.037 0.091 - 0.111 0.012
Vitamin A (μg) - 0.242 0.001 - 0.092 0.077 - 0.185 0.014 - 0.016 0.659
Vitamin B1 (mg) - 0.076 0.062 - 0.017 0.121 - 0.171 0.088 0.025 0.595
Vitamin B2 (mg) - 0.092 0.060 - 0.016 0.088 - 0.190 0.053 0.026 0.054
Vitamin B6 (mg) - 0.033 0.238 - 0.005 0.111 - 0.091 0.558 0.060 0.611
Vitamin B12 (μg) 0.027 0.804 0.103 0.584 - 0.017 0.622 0.066 0.595
Folic acid (mg) - 0.028 0.074 0.043 0.036 - 0.150 0.160 0.065 0.730
β-Carotene (μg) - 0.154 0.091 - 0.084 0.145 - 0.175 0.033 0.107 0.428
Vitamin C (mg) - 0.194 0.002 - 0.050 0.051 - 0.172 0.026 0.084 0.083
Vitamin D (μg) - 0.198 0.016 - 0.146 0.033 - 0.217 0.079 - 0.052 0.069
Salt (g) 0.261 0.001 0.321 <0.001 0.051 0.001 0.070 0.028
  1. NNS Non-Nutritive Sweeteneres
  2. The correlations have been calculated with Spearmans’ rho, and the p-values with ordinal logistic fractional polynomial regression adjusted for gender, age and BMI