Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents

From: In-school adolescents’ weight status and blood pressure profile in South-western Nigeria: urban-rural comparison

Variable Urban N = 500 (%) Rural N = 500 (%) Total N = 1000 (%) Remark
Age Group
 10–13 Years 230(46.0%) 225(45.0%) 455(45.5%) χ2 = 1.56, p = 0.459
 14–16 Years 233(46.6%) 227(45.4%) 460(46.0%)
 17–19 Years 37(7.4%) 48(9.6%) 85(8.5%)
Sex
 Male 255(51.0%) 255(51.0%) 510(51.0%) χ2 = 0.001, p = 1.00
 Female 245(49.0%) 245(49.0%) 490(49.0%)
Ethnicity
 Yoruba 458(91.6%) 477(95.4%) 935(93.5%) χ2 = 14.32, p = 0.003
 Igbo 38(7.6%) 14(2.8%) 52(5.2%)
 Hausa 1(0.2%) 4(0.8%) 5(0.5%)
 Others 3(0.6%) 5(1.0%) 8(0.8%)
Father’s Educational Status
 Lowa 60(12.0%) 115(23.0%) 175(17.5%) χ2 = 20.97, p < 0.001
 Highb 348(69.6%) 303(60.6%) 651(65.1%)
 Unknown 92(18.4%) 82(16.4%) 174(17.4%)
Mother’s Educational Status
 Lowa 79(15.8%) 140(28.0%) 219(21.9%) χ2 = 23.34, p < 0.001
 Highb 334(66.8%) 272(54.4%) 606(60.6%)
 Unknown 87(17.4%) 88(17.6%) 175(17.5%)
Socioeconomic Status
 Low 209(41.8%) 307(61.4%) 516(51.6%) . χ2 = 38.45, p < 0.001
 High 291(58.2%) 193(38.6%) 484 (48.4%)
School Type
 Public 212 (42.4%) 276(55.2%) 488(48.8%) χ2 = 16.39, p < 0.001
 Private 288 (57.6%) 224(44.8%) 512(51.2%)
  1. aLow- No formal education to incomplete secondary education
  2. bHigh- completed secondary education to tertiary education. #- Likelihood ratio/Fisher exact test used because at least one cell has an expected value less than five