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Table 5 High blood pressure and selected variables of urban and rural respondents

From: In-school adolescents’ weight status and blood pressure profile in South-western Nigeria: urban-rural comparison

  Urban n = 500 χ,2 (p value) Rural n = 500 χ,2 (p value)
Socio-demographic /other variables Category High BP High BP
YES(%) NO (%) YES (%) NO (%)
Sex Male 9(3.5) 246(96.5) 3.565
(0.059)
3(1.2) 252(98.8) 5.040
(0.025a)
Female 18(7.3) 227(92.7) 11(4.5) 234(95.5)
Age Early adolescence 14(6.1) 216(93.9) 4.327b
(0.115)
8(3.6) 217(96.4) 1.755b
(0.416)
Mid adolescence 13(5.6) 220(94.4) 4(1.8) 223(98.2)
Late adolescence 0(0.0) 37(100.0) 2(4.2) 46(95.8)
BMI (Weight Status) Normal weight 12(2.9) 404(97.1) 24.24b
(< 0.001a)
10(2.1) 468(97.9) 10.91b
(0.004a)
Overweight 8(14.0) 49(86.0) 3(15.0) 17(85.0)
Obese 7(25.9) 20(74.1) 1(50.0) 1(50.0)
Socio-economic Status Low 12(5.7) 197(94.3) 0.082
(0.775)
7(2.3) 300(97.7) 0.790
(0.374)
High 15(5.2) 276(94.8) 7(3.6) 186(96.4)
Physical activity level Physically inactive 15(6.2) 226(93.8) 0.618
(0.432)
10(3.7) 258(96.3) 1.841
(0.175)
Physically active 12(4.6) 247(95.4) 4(1.7) 228(98.3)
Father’s Educational Status n = 826 # Low 0(0.0) 60(100.0) 7.212b
(0.007)a
5(4.3) 110(95.7) 1.241
(0.265)
High 22(6.3) 326(93.7) 7(2.3) 296(97.7)
Mother’s Educational Status n = 825 # Low 1(1.3) 78(98.7) 4.257b (0.039)a 4(2.9) 136(97.1) 0.432b
(0.511)
High 21(6.3) 313(93.7) 5(1.8) 267(98.2)
  1. aStatistically significant at p < 0.05. Likelihood Ratio used because at least one cell has an expected value less than 5
  2. bLikelihood ratio/Fisher exact test used because at least one cell has an expected value < 5. #- Respondents who did not know parental educational status were excluded from analysis