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Table 3 Baseline dietary intake by change in weight category of school-aged children 6–12 years from two Caribbean countries, St. Kitts and Nevis and Trinidad and Tobago (n = 296)*

From: Rapid increase of overweight and obesity among primary school-aged children in the Caribbean; high initial BMI is the most significant predictor

  Children who did not move up a weight category (n = 252) Children who became overweight or obese (n = 44) p
Energy, kcal 1825±547 1781±536 0.628
Carbohydrate, g 275±96.2 263±99.0 0.447
Protein, g 59.0±26.3 62.6±21.4 0.269
Fat, g 57.1±26.7 57.4±23.9 0.813
Total sugar, g 113±59.4 104±61.0 0.283
Fiber, g 14.2±7.58 14.2±7.40 0.998
Calcium, mg 608±328 612±323 0.924
Iron, mg 13.7±9.40 14.1±9.50 0.984
Staple, portions 8.23±5.43 7.25±3.99 0.358
Foods from animals, portions 3.97±3.43 4.57±3.13 0.202
Legumes and nuts, portions 0.19±0.56 0.14±0.40 0.633
Fruits, portions 0.98±1.66 0.54±0.92 0.017
Vegetables, portions 1.10±1.67 1.19±1.30 0.206
  1. *Thin children and children who were obese at baseline were excluded
  2. Values presented are means ± standard deviations