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Table 3 Independent and multi-group CFAs for child eating in males and females

From: Measurement equivalence of child feeding and eating measures across gender, ethnicity, and household food security

  Overall fit indices Comparative fit
Subscale χ2 (df) CFI RMSEA (90% CI) AIC
Child eating behaviour questionnaire
 Food responsiveness
  Female 6.485(5), p = .26 .991 .049 (.000 - .141)
  Male 6.844(5), p = .23 .991 .057 (.000 - .150)
  Configural Invariance 13.329(10), p = .21 .991 .037 (.000-.084) 73.329
  Loading Invariance 14.308(14), p = .43 .999 .010 (.000-.064) 66.308
  Intercept Invariance 14.661(19), p = .74 1.000 .000 (.000-.041) 56.661
 Emotional overeating
  Female 2.280(2), p = .32 .999 .034 (.000 - .185)
  Male 8.973(2), p = .01 .977 .174 (.070 - .297)
 Enjoyment of food
  Female 0.462(2), p = .79 1.000 .000 (.000 - .113)
  Male 1.041(2), p = .59 1.000 .000 (.000 - .153)
  Configural Invariance 1.504(4), p = .83 1.000 .000 (.000 - .058) 49.504
  Loading Invariance 3.590(7), p = .83 1.000 .000 (.000 - .048) 45.590
  Intercept Invariance 3.988(11), p = .97 1.000 .000 (.000 - .000) 37.988
 Desire to drink
  Female 0.000(0) 1.000 .000
  Male 0.000(0) 1.000 .000
  Configural Invariance 0.000(0) 1.000 .000 36.000
  Loading Invariance 6.196(2), p = .05 .991 .094 (.012 - .182) 38.196
  Intercept Invariance 14.395(5), p = .01 .979 .089 (.037 - .144) 40.395
 Satiety responsiveness
  Female 2.429(5), p = .79 1.000 .000 (.000 - .082)
  Male 2.271(5), p = .81 1.000 .000 (.000 - .080)
  Configural Invariance 4.700(10), p = .91 1.000 .000 (.000 - .028) 64.700
  Loading Invariance 9.674(14), p = .79 1.000 .000 (.000 - .042) 61.674
  Intercept Invariance 12.222(19), p = .88 1.000 .000 (.000 - .029) 54.222
 Slowness in eating
  Female 6.864(2), p = .03 .932 .140 (.035 - .261)
  Male 18.374(2), p < .01 .909 .267 (.164 - .384)
 Emotional undereating
  Female 6.013(2), p = .05 .961 .127 (.005 - .250)
  Males 6.481(2), p = .04 .967 .140 (.027 - .266)
 Food fussiness
  Female 55.537(9), p < .01 .880 .204 (.155 - .257)
  Male 35.779(9), p < .01 .932 .161 (.108 - .218)
  1. Note. Italicized analyses represent independent CFAs examining each subscale as a single latent factor. Food Responsiveness has 5 indicators, Emotional Overeating has 4 indicators, Enjoyment of Food has 4 indicators, Desire to Drink has 3 indicators, Satiety Responsiveness has 5 indicators, Slowness in Eating has 4 indicators, Emotional Undereating has 4 indicators, and Food Fussiness has 6 indicators. AIC is a comparative fit index for two or more groups