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Table 3 Associations with abdominal obesity in patients with T1DM, presented for all and gender specified

From: Abdominal obesity in type 1 diabetes associated with gender, cardiovascular risk factors and complications, and difficulties achieving treatment targets: a cross sectional study at a secondary care diabetes clinic

  Abdominal obesity
Both genders Men Women
N = 284 a N = 272 N = 158 N = 119
COR P AOR P b AOR P b AOR P b
Gender (women) 4.5 (2.3–9.0) < 0.001 6.5 (2.9–14.5) < 0.001
Age (per year) 1.02 (1.00–1.05) 0.11 1.01 (0.97–1.06) 0.54 1.03 (0.97–1.10) 0.31 1.01 (0.96–1.06) 0.78
Diabetes duration (per year) 1.00 (0.98–1.03) 0.77
HbA1c > 70 mmol/mol (>  8.6%) 3.2 (1.7–6.1) < 0.001 2.7 (1.3–5.7) 0.009 1.9 (0.5–7.1) 0.36 2.9 (1.2–7.2) 0.022
TC 1.2 (0.9–1.6) 0.15
Triglycerides (per mmol/l) 1.9 (1.3–2.8) < 0.001 1.7 (1.1–2.6) 0.010 1.0 (0.5–2.0) > 0.99 2.1 (1.2–3.7) 0.011
HDL (per mmol/l) 0.7 (0.3–1.6) 0.34 0.4 (0.1–1.7) 0.24
LDL (per mmol/l) 1.4 (1.0–1.9) 0.072 1.0 (0.7–1.70) 0.86 1.0 (0.56–1.98) 0.88
SBP (per mm Hg) 1.04 (1.01–1.07) 0.004 1.05 (1.01–1.08) 0.005 1.01 (0.94–1.10) 0.72 1.03 (0.99–1 .07) 0.20
DBP (per mm Hg) 1.04 (1.00–1.09) 0.045 1.02 (0.96–1.09) 0.47 1.13 (1.03–1.24) 0.007
Hypoglycemia 1.5 (0.4–5.5) 0.57
Smoking c 0.8 (0.3–2.4) 0.66
Physical inactivity 2.1 (0,9–4.8) 0.083 1.7 (0.5–5.2) 0.36 3.4 (0.8–14.4) 0.10
CV complications 5.2 (1.5–18.9) 0.011 5.7 (1.1–28.9 0.035
LLD 2.2 (1.2–4.2) 0.013 1.9 (0.9–4.1) 0.096 3.1 (1.3–7.6) 0.014
AHD 1.8 (1.0–3.4) 0.064 1.1 (0.5–2.6) 0.79 5.3 (1.3–20.7) 0.018
  1. a Unless indicated. b Multiple logistic regression analysis (Backward: Wald). c Missing values: n = 12. All/men/women: Hosmer and Lemeshow: Test 0.039/0.799/0.471; Nagelkerke R Square 0.335/0.234/0.250