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Table 2 Percent change in percent body fat compared between active and placebo groups using model generated means (LS Means)

From: Capsaicinoids supplementation decreases percent body fat and fat mass: adjustment using covariates in a post hoc analysis

Contrast Treatment N LS Mean (SE) LS Mean Difference (SE) P Value
Without Baseline Covariates
 Capsimax 2 mg vs Placebo Capsimax 2 mg 27 2.68 (1.78) 0.20 0.9939
Placebo 28 2.70 (1.75)
 Capsimax 4 mg vs Placebo Capsimax 4 mg 22 − 0.70 (1.97) 3.39 0.2014
Placebo 28 2.70 (1.75)
With Baseline Covariates
 Capsimax 2 mg vs Placebo Capsimax 2 mg 26 3.51 (2.09) −1.47 0.6030
Placebo 27 4.99 (2.28)
 Capsimax 4 mg vs Placebo Capsimax 4 mg 22 − 0.92 (2.06) − 5.91 0.0402
Placebo 27 4.99 (2.28)
  1. Analysis “Without Baseline Covariates” was a One-way ANOVA model. Analysis “With Baseline Covariates” was a generalized linear model containing treatment, variates and treatment x covariate interactions. Two subjects were lost to the “With Baseline Covariates” analysis due to missing values at baseline