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Table 3 Percent change in fat mass compared between active and placebo groups using model generated means (LS Means)

From: Capsaicinoids supplementation decreases percent body fat and fat mass: adjustment using covariates in a post hoc analysis

Contrast Treatment N LS Mean (SE) LS Mean Difference (SE) P Value
Without Baseline Covariates
 Capsimax 2 mg vs Placebo Capsimax 2 mg 27 2.44 (2.14) −0.82 0.7860
Placebo 28 3.26 (2.10)
 Capsimax 4 mg vs Placebo Capsimax 4 mg 22 −0.81 (2.37) −4.07 0.2037
Placebo 28 3.26 (2.10)
With Baseline Covariates
 Capsimax 2 mg vs Placebo Capsimax 2 mg 26 3.45 (2.79) −2.43 0.5044
Placebo 27 5.88 (2.76)
 Capsimax 4 mg vs Placebo Capsimax 4 mg 22 −0.80 (2.37) −6.68 0.0487
Placebo 27 5.88 (2.76)
  1. Analysis “Without Baseline Covariates” was a One-way ANOVA model. Analysis “With Baseline Covariates” was a generalized linear model containing treatment, covariates and treatment x covariate interactions. Two subjects were lost to the “With Baseline Covariates” analysis due to missing values at baseline