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Table 2 Odds ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) from logistic regressions for associations of metabolic markers with self-reported OAa

From: Association of Metabolic Markers with self-reported osteoarthritis among middle-aged BMI-defined non-obese individuals: a cross-sectional study

  Models Categories Adjusted models (by age) Adjusted models (by age, BMI) Adjusted models (by age, serum creatinine)
Female (n = 1267) Model 1. BMI categories Underweight/normal (< 25 kg/m2) Ref Ref
Overweight (25–30 kg/m2) 1.53 (0.65, 2.13) 1.32 (0.87,2.21)
Model 2. BF%b categories Athletic/ Acceptable Ref Ref Ref
Overweight/obese 3.12 (1.25,4.4)* 2.67 (1.32,3.51)* 1.47 (1.12,1.84)*
Model 3. Waist circumference (cm) < 88 cm Ref Ref Ref
> 88 cm 2.62 (1.51,3.01)* 0.91 (0.80,2.64) 1.27 (0.91,2.14)
Model 4. Maximum Weight change (kg)c 1.03 (0.91,1.43) 1.07 (0.96,2.46) 1.03 (0.82,2.68)
  Model 5. Serum Creatinine ≥65 μmol/L Ref Ref
< 65 μmol/L 1.21 (0.87,2.45) 0.87 (0.45,1.97)
Male (n = 1195) Model 1. BMI categories Underweight/normal (< 25 kg/m2) Ref Ref
   Overweight (25–30 kg/m2) 0.92 (0.75,1.91) 1.43 (0.93,2.45)
  Model 2. BF%b categories Athletic/ acceptable Ref Ref Ref
   Overweight/obese 1.82 (1.15,3.58)* 2.11 (1.38,3.21)* 1.12 (0.78,1.93)
  Model 3. Waist circumference (cm) < 102 cm Ref Ref Ref
> 102 cm 2.21 (1.3,3.81)* 0.91(0.83,1.54) 1.08 (0.91,1.72)
  Model 4. Maximum Weight change c(kg) 1.04 (1.02,1.76)* 1.05 (0.87,2.32) 0.29 (0.12,2.16)
  Model 5. Serum Creatinine ≥73 μmol/L Ref Ref
< 73 μmol/L 1.97 (0.91,2.89) 0.91 (0.35,2.1)
  1. a All results are weighted according to the sample weights of the Canadian Health Measure Survey (CHMS); b Body Fat percentage (BF%);c Individual body fat percentages were grouped into three body fat categories: athletic/good (males: < 14% females < 23%), acceptable (males 15–20%, females 24–30%), or overweight/obese (male > 21% females > 31%).; d Maximum Weight change as an adult from 18-years-old (kg); * p-value< 0.05