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Table 3 The association between yearly household income (income), parental labour market participation (LMP), parental highest educational level (highest edu) and family functioning in late childhood and overweight or obesity at age 18 or 21

From: How does childhood socioeconomic position affect overweight and obesity in adolescence and early adulthood: a longitudinal study

Late Childhood Girls Boys
18 21 18 21
n RR n ARRf (95% CI) n RR n ARRf (95% CI) n RR n ARRf (95% CI) n RR n ARRf (95% CI)
  Overweight Obesity   Overweight Obesity   Overweight Obesity   Overweight Obesity   Overweight Obesity   Overweight Obesity   Overweight Obesity   Overweight Obesity
Incomea 1222    970    1072    862    1053    837    876    697   
 High (ref.grp.)   1 1   1g 1g   1 1   1g 1g   1 1   1g 1g   1 1   1g 1g
 Medium   1.2 1.8   0.8 (0.4;1.4) 2.1 (0.9;5.0)   0.8 1.6   0.6 (0.4;1.2) 1.3 (0.7;2.3)   0.8 1.4   0.9 (0.5;1.6) 1.5 (0.7;3.0)   0.8 1.2   0.8 (0.4;1.3) 0.8 (0.4;1.5)
 Low   1.4 1.3   0.7 (0.3;1.5) 2.0 (0.7;5.9)   1.1 1.8   1.0 (0.5;2.0) 1.8 (0.9;3.5)   1.1 1.6   0.9 (0.4;2.0) 1.3 (0.5;3.3)   0.6 1.4   0.6 (0.3;1.4) 1.0 (0.4;2.2)
LMPb (mother) 1228    972    1076    862    1059    838    879    698   
 High score (ref.grp.)   1 1   1h 1h   1 1   1h 1h   1 1   1h 1h   1 1   1h 1h
 Low score   1.8 1.8   1.6 (0.9;2.8) 1.6 (0.8;3.2)   1.5 1.4   1.1 (0.6;2.0) 1.3 (0.8;2.1)   1.1 1.2   1.1 (0.6;2.1) 0.6 (0.3;1.3)   0.9 1.1   1.1 (0.6;2.0) 0.9 (0.5;1.8)
LMPb (father) 1213    972    1057    862    1049    838    868    698   
 High score (ref.grp.)   1 1   1i 1i   1 1   1i 1i   1 1   1i 1i   1 1   1i 1i
 Low score   1.1 1.3   1.3 (0.6;2.8) 2.0 (0.8;5.1)   1.6 1.7   1.5 (0.7;3.2) 1.6 (0.8;3.1)   0.9 1.6   0.6 (0.2:1.9) 1.0 (0.4;2.8)   0.2 0.9   0.1 (0.0;0.9) 0.7 (0.3;2.2)
Highest edud (mother) 2003 1225    972    1076    862    1048    838    876    698   
 1 (> 13 yr) (ref.grp.)   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1
 2 (10–13 yr)   1.5 1.5   1.2 (0.7;2.2) 1.1 (0.5;2.4)   1.6 1.7   1.3 (0.7;2.3) 1.4 (0.8;2.3)   1.3 0.9   1.3 (0.8;2.2) 0.9 (0.5;1.6)   1.6 1.5   1.6 (1.0;2.7) 1.0 (0.6;1.8)
 3 (< 10 yr)   2.1 3.3   1.8 (0.9;3.5) 2.2 (0.9;5.2)   2.9 2.8   1.8 (0.9;3.4) 2.0 (1.1;3.7)   1.1 2.3   0.9 (0.4;1.8) 1.8 (0.9;3.6)   1.5 2.2   1.6 (0.9;3.0) 1.6 (0.9;3.1)
Highest edud (father) 2003 1171    972    1026    862    1025    838    847    698   
 1 (> 13 yr) (ref.grp.)   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1
 2 (10–13 yr)   1.6 4.6   1.5 (0.8;2.8) 3.1 (1.0;9.3)   2.0 1.9   2.1 (1.1;4.0) 1.4 (0.8;2.4)   1.1 1.0   1.2 (0.7;2.2) 0.9 (0.4;1.7)   1.4 2.3   1.5 (0.9;2.6) 2.5 (1.3;5.0)
 3 (< 10 yr)   1.5 4.9   1.1 (0.5;2.4) 3.7 (1.2;11.9)   3.1 2.2   2.5 (1.2;5.2) 1.5 (0.8;2.9)   1.1 1.7   1.2 (0.6;2.4) 1.3 (0.6;2.8)   1.8 3.2   1.9 (1.0;3.6) 2.9 (1.4;6.4)
Family Funcc 1088    972    967    862    932    838    773    698   
 Good (ref.grp.)   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1   1 1
 Poor   1.6 1.3   1.5 (0.9;2.5) 1.0 (0.5;2.0)   1.4 2.0   1.3 (0.8;2.1) 1.7 (1.1;2.7)   1.1 0.6   1.1 (0.6;1.9) 0.5 (0.3;1.1)   1.0 0.7   1.1 (0.7;1.8) 0.6 (0.3;1.2)
  1. aYearly household income categorized at 33.3rd and 66.6th percentile
  2. bLabour market participation dichotomized ≥0.80 (high score)
  3. cFamily functioning, measured at age 15
  4. dHighest educational level
  5. fMutual adjusted for other exposure variables, birth-weight and split home 2003
  6. gMutual adjusted for other exposure variables, birth-weight, split home 2003 and early childhood income
  7. hMutual adjusted for other exposure variables, birth-weight, split home 2003 and mother’s LMP in early childhood
  8. iMutual adjusted for other exposure variables, birth-weight, split home 2003 and father’s LMP in early childhood