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Table 1 Background characteristics of study participants by categories of BMI, WC and WHtR (N = 367)

From: Discriminative ability of adiposity measures for elevated blood pressure among adolescents in a resource-constrained setting in northeast Nigeria: a cross-sectional analysis

Variable BMI Categories WC Categories WHtR Categories
Normal Overweight Obese P Normal Overweight Obese P Normal Obese P
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Participants gender
 Boys 176(57.5) 6(16.2) 9(37.5)   179(54.6) 7(25.9) 5(41.7)   179(57.2) 12(22.2)  
 Girls 130(42.5) 31(83.8) 15(62.5) 0.001* 149(45.4) 20(74.1) 7(58.3) 0.013* 134(42.8) 42(77.8) 0.001*
Adolescence age group
 Early 68(22.2) 9(24.3) 12(50.0)   70(21.3) 12(44.5) 7(58.3)   70(22.4) 19(35.2)  
 Middle 154(50.3) 16(43.2) 10(41.7)   165(50.3) 11(40.7) 4(33.3)   159(50.8) 21(38.9)  
 Late 84(27.5) 12(32.4) 2(8.3) 0.024* 93(28.4) 4(14.8) 1(8.4) 0.003* 84(26.8) 14(25.9) 0.107
Parental socioeconomic statusa
 Low 96(31.4) 5(13.5) 5(20.8)   97(29.6) 7(25.9) 2(16.6)   97(31.0) 9(16.7)  
 Medium 131(42.8) 14(37.8) 7(29.2)   144(43.9) 5(18.6) 3(25.0)   134(42.8) 18(33.3)  
 High 79(25.9) 18(48.6) 12(50.0) 0.001* 87(26.5) 15(55.5) 7(58.4) 0.001* 82(26.2) 27(50.0) 0.009*
School type
 Public 173(56.5) 15(40.5) 5(20.8)   183(55.8) 8(29.6) 2(16.7)   174(55.6) 19(35.2)  
 Private 133(43.5) 22(59.5) 19(79.2) 0.001* 145(44.2) 19(70.4) 10(83.3) 0.001* 139(44.4) 35(64.8) 0.010*
  1. n (%) = Frequency (percentage)
  2. aClassified by combining scores from maternal education and paternal occupation as described by Olusanya et al. [46]
  3. *Significant p-values