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Table 3 Results of linear regression modeling using GEE investigating effects of media parenting practices on children’s weekday screen-time

From: Mothers’ and fathers’ media parenting practices associated with young children’s screen-time: a cross-sectional study

Parenting Practice Parent Child Screen Time Weekday
Adjusted estimatea (95% CI) P-value
Screen Time Modeling Mother \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = 0.42 (0.09, 0.76) 0.01
Father \( \widehat{\upbeta} \) = −0.05 (− 0.43, 0.33) 0.81
Mealtime Screen Use Mother \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = 0.21 (0.09, 0.04) 0.02
Father \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = 0.21 (0.03, 0.40) 0.02
Screens to Control Behaviour Mother \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = 0.15 (0.01, 0.29) 0.04
Father \( \widehat{\upbeta} \) = 0.09 (−0.04, 0.23) 0.17
Monitoring Screen Time Mother \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = −0.34 (−0.53, − 0.15) < 0.01
Father \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = −0.40 (− 0.62, − 0.19) < 0.01
Limiting Screen Time Mother \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = −0.31 (− 0.47, − 0.15) < 0.01
Father \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = −0.44 (− 0.61, − 0.27) < 0.01
Weekday Screen Time Mother \( \widehat{\upbeta} \) = 0.09 (− 0.08, 0.26) 0.28
Father \( \widehat{\upbeta} \) = 0.08 (− 0.25, 0.41) 0.64
  1. aAdjusted for total number of children in the family, family income, child sex, and child age
  2. Bolded values indicate significance