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Table 4 Results of linear regression modeling using GEE investigating effects of media parenting practices and children’s weekend day screen-time

From: Mothers’ and fathers’ media parenting practices associated with young children’s screen-time: a cross-sectional study

Parenting Practice Parent Child Screen Time Weekend
Adjusted estimatea (95% CI) P-value
Screen Time Modeling Mother \( \widehat{\upbeta} \) = 0.47 (−0.06, 0.10) 0.08
Father \( \widehat{\upbeta} \) = −0.03 (− 0.77, 0.72) 0.94
Mealtime Screen use Mother \( \widehat{\upbeta} \) = 0.24 (−0.01, 0.50) 0.06
Father \( \widehat{\upbeta} \) = 0.07 (−0.25, 0.38) 0.70
Screens to Control Behaviour Mother \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = 0.37 (0.12, 0.61) < 0.01
Father \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = 0.31 (0.04, 0.57) 0.02
Monitoring Screen Time Mother \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = −0.44 (−0.86, −0.01) 0.045
Father \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = −0.48 (−0.89, − 0.08) 0.02
Limiting Screen Time Mother \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = −0.41 (−0.72, − 0.10) 0.01
Father \( \widehat{\boldsymbol{\upbeta}} \) = −0.58 (−1.02, − 0.13) 0.01
Weekend Screen Time Mother \( \widehat{\upbeta} \) = −0.12 (− 0.36, 0.12) 0.32
Father \( \widehat{\upbeta} \) = 0.29 (−0.01, 0.59) 0.06
  1. aAdjusted for total number of children in the family, family income, child sex, and child age
  2. Bolded values indicate significance