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Table 2 Prevalence of abdominal obesity among women and men in Uganda, STEPS survey 2014

From: Prevalence and correlates of abdominal obesity among adults in Uganda: findings from a national cross-sectional, population based survey 2014

Variable -n- # of persons with abdominal obesity –n-(%) Males n = 1562 Females n = 2114 p*
All 3676 432 (11.8) 20 (4.6) 412 (95.4) < 0.05
Age
 18–24 846 41 (4.8) 3 (7.3) 38 (93.7) 0.31
 25–34 1089 99 (9.1) 1 (1) 98 (99)  
 35–44 795 124 (15.6) 7 (5.6) 117 (94.4)  
 45–54 538 91 (16.9) 5 (5.5) 86 (94.5)  
 55–64 289 55 (19.0) 4 (7.3) 51 (92.7)  
  ≥ 65 119 22 (18.5) 0 (0) 22 (100)  
Rural-urban residence
 Urban 988 160 (16.2) 11 (6.9) 149 (93.1) 0.09
 Rural 2688 272 (10.1) 9 (3.3) 263 (96.7)  
Marital status
 Never married 602 22 (3.6) 3 (13.6) 19 (86.4) 0.01
 Married/Cohabiting 2398 283 (11.8) 16 (5.7) 267 (94.3)  
 Other 673 126 (18.7) 1 (0.8) 125 (99.2)  
Employment
 Employed 2418 304 (12.6) 18 (5.9) 286 (94.1) 0.05
 Unemployed 1257 128 (10.2) 2 (1) 126 (99.0)  
Fruit & Veg servings/ day
  ≥ 5 566 59 (10.4) 3 (5.1) 56 (94.9) 0.93
 1–4 2958 353 (11.9) 17 (4.8) 336 (95.2)  
Met WHO recommendation for physical activity
 Yes 3574 413 (11.6) 18 (4.4) 395 (95.6) 0.21
 No 102 19 (18.6) 2 (10.5) 17 (89.5)  
Alcohol use in standard drinks per occasion
 Never 1905 253 (13.3) 9 (3.6) 244 (96.4) 0.06
 Ever or ≤ 6 1385 145 (10.5) 6 (4.1) 139 (95.9)  
  > 6 361 31 (8.6) 4 (12.9) 27 (87.1)  
Hypertensive
 No 2705 241 (8.9) 7 (2.9) 234 (97.1) 0.06
 Yes 971 191 (19.7) 13 (6.8) 178 (93.2)  
FPG (mmol/L)c
  < 6.1 3309 376 (11.4) 13 (3.5) 363 (96.5) < 0.05
 6.1–6.9 58 9 (15.5) 3 (33.3) 6 (66.7)  
  > 7.0 or on DM Rx 309 47 (15.2) 4 (8.5) 43 (91.5)  
  1. cFasting Plasma Glucose in mmol/L
  2. p* p-value for a Chi-square test for independence comparing the prevalence of abdominal obesity among males and females across participant sub-categories