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Table 2 Logistic regression of ‘any’ versus ‘none’ past week sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption

From: Who drinks sugar sweetened beverages and juice? An Australian population study of behaviour, awareness and attitudes

  1. Demographics 2. Demographics & risk factors 3. Demographics & knowledge
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower Upper
(N) 2714    2696    2705   
Demographics
Gender
 Male 2.5*** 2.0 3.1 2.1*** 1.7 2.6 2.4*** 1.9 2.9
 Female 1    1    1   
Age (years)
 15–24 7.6*** 5.3 10.8 4.3*** 2.9 6.5 7.4*** 4.9 11.2
 25–44 5.5*** 4.2 7.1 3.3*** 2.5 4.4 5.7*** 4.3 7.4
 45–64 2.5*** 1.9 3.3 1.9*** 1.5 2.5 2.6*** 2.0 3.5
 65 and over 1    1    1   
Highest qualification
 High School or less 2.0*** 1.5 2.6 1.7*** 1.4 2.2 1.9*** 1.5 2.4
 Vocational 1.7*** 1.3 2.2 1.6** 1.2 2.1 1.6*** 1.3 2.1
 University 1    1    1   
Disadvantage quintile
 Quintile 1 (most disadvantaged) 1.4 1.0 1.9 1.1 0.8 1.6 1.3 0.9 1.9
 Quintile 2 1.4 1.0 1.9 1.1 0.8 1.6 1.2 0.9 1.8
 Quintile 3 1.4 1.0 1.9 1.2 0.9 1.7 1.3 0.9 1.9
 Quintile 4 1.2 0.9 1.6 1.0 0.8 1.4 1.1 0.8 1.5
 Quintile 5 (least disadvantaged) 1    1    1   
Remoteness
 Metropolitan 1    1    1   
 Inner Regional 1.0 0.7 1.6 1.1 0.7 1.7 1.1 0.7 1.6
 Outer Regional 1.0 0.8 1.4 1.0 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.8 1.4
 Remote/very remote 1.7** 1.3 2.4 1.4* 1.1 1.9 1.8*** 1.4 2.4
BMI and Behavioural risk factors
Body Mass Index (BMI)
 Underweight or healthy     1      
 Overweight     1.2 0.9 1.5    
 Obese     1.0 0.8 1.2    
 Don’t know height or weight     0.9 0.6 1.4    
Physical activity (past week)
 None     1      
 1 to 6 days     1.0 0.8 1.2    
 Everyday     0.8 0.5 1.1    
Fast food consumption (past week)
 None     1      
 Once     1.9*** 1.6 2.4    
 Two or more times     5.3*** 3.5 8.0    
100% fruit juice consumption (past week)
 None     1      
 One or more times     1.3* 1.0 1.7    
Smoking status
 Current smoker     1.7** 1.2 2.5    
 Ex-smoker     0.9 0.7 1.1    
 Never smoked     1      
Attitudes and knowledge
Teaspoons of sugar in can of soft drink
 Approx correct 8 to 12        1   
 Underestimate 0 to 7        1.2 1.0 1.6
 Overestimate 13 to 99        0.8 0.6 1.0
 Don’t know        0.8 0.6 1.1
Diet soft drinks versus SSBs
 More healthy        1   
 Less healthy        1.3* 1.0 1.8
 The same        1.1 0.8 1.4
 Don’t know        1.1 0.7 1.8
100% Fruit juice versus SSBs
 More sugar        1   
 Less sugar        1.1 0.8 1.5
 The same        0.9 0.7 1.3
 Don’t know        0.8 0.5 1.4
Awareness of illnesses/health effects related to SSB consumption
Weight gain (ref = Recalled)        1   
 Not recalled        1.2* 1.0 1.4
Diabetes (ref = Recalled)        1   
 Not recalled        1.1 1.0 1.3
Tooth decay (ref = Recalled)        1   
 Not recalled        1.0 0.8 1.3
Heart disease (ref = Recalled)        1   
 Not recalled        1.0 0.8 1.3
  1. Logistic regression outcome variable: Any SSB consumption in past week = 1, none = 0
  2. ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05