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Table 4 Factors association with overweight and obesity among adults 18–64 years of age, Hawassa city, Ethiopia, 2015

From: Prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity among adults in Hawassa city, southern Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Independent variables Overweight/obesity Odds ratio (95% CI)
Yes No Crude (COR) Adjusted (AOR)
Sex
 Male 41 189 1r 1r
 Female 107 187 2.63 (1.72–4.00)a 2.56 (1.85–4.76)a
Age (years)
 18–24 47 147 1r 1r
 25–34 20 55 1.14 (0.62–2.08) 1.30 (0.74–2.29)
 35–44 50 137 1.14 (0.72–1.81) 1.28 (0.61–2.68)
 45–54 18 25 2.25 (1.13–4.49)a 3.06 (1.29–7.20)a
 55–64 13 11 3.69 (1.55–8.80)a 2.88 (1.06–7.84)a
Physical activity level
 High 35 179 1r 1r
 Moderate 66 131 2.57 (1.61–4.11)a 3.10 (1.72–5.60)a
 Low 47 66 3.62 (2.16–6.13)a 4.80 (2.50–9.23)a
Alcohols intake last month
 Daily 57 105 1.89 (1.21–2.98)a 2.54 (1.40–4.60)a
 Weekly 42 100 1.47 (0.91–2.37) 1.80 (0.95–3.14)
 Never 49 171 1r 1r
Frequency of consumption of vegetables
 More than once per day 22 82 0.54 (0.30–0.95)a 0.58 (0.30–1.10)
 Once per day 38 103 0.74 (0.45–1.21) 0.76 (0.38–1.51)
 3–6 times per week 33 81 0.81 (0.49–1.37) 0.76 (0.41–1.43)
 1–2 times per week 55 110 1r 1r
Frequency of consumption of fruits
 Once per day 51 113 0.97 (0.61–1.53) 1.16 (0.64–2.13)
 3–6 times per week 41 143 0.61 (0.38–0.98)a 0.71 (0.39–1.29)
 1–2 times per week 56 120 1r 1r
Frequency of consumption of meat
 More than once per day 37 46 7.23 (3.33–15.85) 4.34 (1.95–9.64)a
 Once per day 48 102 4.23 (2.03–8.86)a 3.05 (1.44–6.46)a
 3–6 times per week 27 66 3.68 (1.67–8.13)a 2.01 (0.87–4.66)
 1–2 times per week 26 72 3.25 (1.47–7.18)a 1.76 (0.75–4.22)
 2 or less times per month 10 90 1r 1r
Frequency of consumption of egg
 Once per day 49 63 2.64 (1.56–4.46)a 2.15 (1.25–3.71)a
 3–6 times per week 33 80 1.40 (0.81–2.42) 0.97 (0.54–1.77)
 1–2 times per week 36 111 1.10 (0.65–1.86) 0.79 (0.45–1.40)
 2 or less times per month 30 122 1r 1r
Frequency of consumption of sweets
 Once per day 51 62 6.09 (3.16–11.70)a 4.77 (2.18–10.43)a
 3–6 times per week 46 98 3.47 (1.83–6.61)a 3.47 (1.63–7.38)a
 1–2 times per week 36 105 2.54 (1.32–5.01)a 3.07 (1.42–6.63)a
 2 or less times per month 15 111 1r 1r
Household income level
 Low 39 148 1r 1r
 Medium 59 169 1.32 (0.84–2.10) 1.32 (0.83–2.10)
 High 50 59 3.22 (1.92–5.39)a 3.16 (1.88–5.30)a
  1. aSignificant association at 95% confidence level, 1r base group